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QUALITY NATURAL PRODUCTS CREATED BY A NZ HERBAL PRACTITIONER...

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INGREDIENTS



Acai Berry


Acai berry, rich in Essential Fatty Acids, Vitamins B1, B2, B3, E, C, K, Calcium, Potassium, Anthocyanins, Protein and more. Found in the Amazon Rainforests of Brazil and used for 1000's of years, known for its rich deep purple colour.

Shown to help with reducing fine lines and wrinkles. The berries contain phytosterols, which are known to protect collagen and increase skin moisture. Collagen is necessary to provide structural support to the skin and acai has been shown to help in the formation of new collagen. They also contain flavonoids to fight inflammation and preserve the skin.





Alfalfa


Alfalfa (leaves/aerial), part of the pea family - al-falfa "father of plants" - al-fac-facah "father of all foods". Commonly known as Chilean clover, Buffalo grass, Purple medic, Lucerne and many more. commercially used for it's high levels of chlorophyll, it's highly alkaline nature makes it useful for treatment of acidic conditions i.e. gout, and arthritis. Known to contain vitamins A, B Complex, C, E, K, Biotin, INositol, Silica, Calcium, Potassium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Sodium, Choline and more. Shown to help with fevers, fluid retention, malnutrition, skin disorders, high cholesterol, ulcers, constipation, haemorrhoids, gastritis, asthma, anemia, as well as cancer.

Believed to have originated in Northern Africa. Remains of alfalfa leaf were found in Persian ruins dating back 6000 years and early writings from Turkey found to have originated around 1300B.C. Eventually spreading to the Mediterranean and most of Europe. Alfalfa reached England in the 16th century as a food for strength and digestive problems. Brought to America in 1736 where it was used for many things including upset stomach, indigestion, iron loss, poor appetite, insect bites, boils, breast milk production, urinary tract infection, bad breath, migraines, blood cleanser, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis and more.





Aloe vera


Aloe vera is believed to have originated in Sudan, now widely seen in Africa, India and other arid areas. Commonly known by many names including Korphad, Quargandal, Crocodiles Tongue, Savia, Burn plant, Lily of the desert and Elephant gall to name a few. Earliest documented use in the 'Ebers Papyrus' during 16th century B.C. Also traced back 6000 years to Egypt plants being depicted on stone carvings. Known as the 'plant of immortality' aloe was presented as a burial gift to deceased pharaohs. Trials in Thailand showed that Aloe Vera showed properties of triglyceride lowering. Aloe also has other properties such as antibacterial, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory making it suitable to help with the following conditions: gingivitis, boils, cysts, tine, streptococcus infections, shigella, ringworm, cancer, poor circulation, acidic blood, arthritis pain, hypertension, muscle pain, epilepsy, viruses, acne, scarring, urticaria/hives, rosacea, wound and burn healing, skin infections, diabetes, all digestive ailments, liver disease, herpes, eczema, psoriasis, rashes and more.






Argan oil


Organic Argan oil, produced from the kernels of the Argan tree, endemic to Morocco. Rich in Essential Fatty Acids, Vitamin E, C, Carotenes, & Squalene. All shown to have huge health benefits for the hair and skin. Helping to reduce signs of skin again, reducing the formation of wrinkles, healing for eczema, psoriasis and all other skin conditions including the scalp. Strengthening for the nails, as well as hair, helping to combat dry, brittle hair, split ends, frizzy hair and even dandruff. Great to use as a leave in conditioner creating brilliant shine and providing thermal protection for each hair strand. It can be applied to damp hair before blow drying, or used to detangle. It absorbs into the hair strands completely without leaving a greasy residue.

Our Organic Argan Oil comes from a women's cooperative. A program that focuses on improving the working conditions of rural women economic activities, generating additional income and sustainable management of Argan areas in the south-west of Morocco.






Arnica


Known as Leopards Bane, Wolfs Bane, Mountain Daisy. Recorded as being used since the 1500's by Native Americans to sooth muscle aches, reduce inflammation and heal wounds. Arnica is commonly found in Siberia, Europe and North America. Used nowadays for bruises and sprains, rheumatic pain, insect bites, broken bones, as a mouthwash for swollen gums and mouth ulcers. Shown to decrease swelling , help fasten post-operative healing, decrease pain, headaches, skin cancer, bronchitis, tonsillitis, kidney infections, heart palpitations, night terrors, hysteria, painful labour, hemorrhoids, eczema as well as other skin inflammations. Shown to improve venous tone and oedema in those with varicose veins/chronic venous insufficiency over a 3 week period. A study involving over 204 patients with Osteoarthritis in the fingers used arnica for 3 weeks and found that it was more effective than their topical N.S.A.I.D. It was found to inhibit activation of the transcription factor NF-kappa B, which is responsible for the transcription of genes encoding the production of various inflammatory mediators including COX-2.





Ashwagandha



Withania (root) - The Indian Ginseng, an important herb from the Ayurvedic medical system used for the treatment of debility, emaciation, impotence and premature ageing. Its Indian/Sanskrit name Ashwagandha refers to the smell and strength of a horse and alludes to its reputed aphrodisiac properties. A strengthening and rejuvenating tonic for all forms of weakness, fatigue, wasting and convalescing. It is said to provide fresh energy and vigour for a system worn out by any constitutional disease and to strengthen the nerves and promote restful sleep. Regarded as a rasayana herb, promoting health, increasing resistance of the body to stressors, revitalising the body in debilitated conditions, increasing longevity as well as improving learning and memory retrieval. Modern research on Withania has stressed its antitumour and adaptogenic actions (Adaptogens increase the ability of an organism to cope with stress.) It therefore helps to conserve energy as well as boosting energy reserves. While it's compared with Ginseng it lacks the stimulating effects of it, it has a mild sedative action as indicated by its latin name "somnifera". Withania was found to be quite effective at decreasing inflammation as well as anti-inflammatory drugs i.e. dexamethasone and indomethacin. Weight loss caused by chronic arthritis was corrected and the inflammation and bony degenerative changes were decreased. It has been shown to significantly reduce the incidence, number and size of tumours as well as increase body weight of those with. Children who drank milk fortified with Withania showed improved strength of hand grip, increased body weight and increases in blood haemoglobin and serum iron levels. When given to adults between the ages of 50 - 59 for up to a year it showed increases in red blood cell count, increased seated stature, increased hair melanin content (less greying) as well as 71% reporting improvement in sexual performance.

So it is especially helpful in the following areas: Debility, nervous exhaustion especially due to stress; Emaciation and anaemia, especially in children; Convalescence after acute illness or extreme stress; Impotence due to devitalisation; Chronic diseases especially those marked by inflammation e.g. connective tissue diseases; As a general tonic for disease prevention and those under stress e.g. athletes and the elderly; May have some value in hypertension and high blood cholesterol; May have some preventative action against cancer; To improve immune function; As an adaptogen for athletes and improved muscle strength in elderly. Withania is also used to promote lactation in Ayurvedic medicine and the traditional medicine of south-east Asia. Withania was shown to improve milk yield and quality throughout lactation period and the children were shown to be of a better than average healthy weight.





Astragalus


Astragalus originates from China known as Huang qi and is considered by some to be a superior tonic for younger people than Ginseng. Believed to energise the outside of the body and tonify the protective energy known as Wei Chi'i which flows just beneath the skin and protects the body from external 'pathogenic factors' such as cold, damp, wind and heat. In Chinese Herbal Medicine its properties are considered sweet and slightly warm, helping to raise vitality, stop debilitating sweating, promote healing and tissue regeneration, as well as being helpful with organ prolapse. In Western Herbal Medicine it is used in many chronic health conditions whether it be bacterial, viral in origin or autoimmune. So often used to help with impaired immunity, HIV/AID's, Chronic fatigue syndrome/ME, Cancer, Chronic infection, Hypertension, Congestive heart failure, Adrenal fatigue, Poor appetite, Diarrhoea, Abnormal uterine bleeding, and All viral & bacterial infections.





Baking Soda


NaHCO3, Sodium bicarbonate, cooking soda, bicarbonate of soda, sodium bicarb, bicarb soda, sal aerates (aerated salt). Baking Soda helps to wash away oil and perspiration as well as neutralizing acids on the skin. Great for soothing skin rashes including eczema and psoriasis, help counter negative effects of radiation (be it sunburn, x-rays, cancer treatments). Baking Soda is very good at helping the lymphatic system cleanse itself of toxins and disease, by taking a bath in baking soda (especially at the early symptoms of illness) it can lessen the chances of the illness developing further. Also great to take after a massage, as massage can stimulate the lymphatics to release any toxins from muscles or lymph nodes.





Beeswax


Historically beeswax has been used to make candles, to sculpt figurines, batiking (beeswax paintings), and in casting metal. Beeswax figurines has been found in Royal Egyptian tombs dating back to 3400 BC. In Northern Australia Aborigines have used beeswax 30,000 - 50,000 years making figurines. In 1744 it was discovered that bees synthesized beeswax in 4 pairs of wax secreting epidermal glands on the ventral side of the worker bees abdomens. To stimulate the production of beeswax the honey bees feed themselves honey & huddle together to raise the temperature of the cluster. To produce 1lb of wax it requires the consumption of approximately 10lbs of honey by the honey bees. Made by only a few groups of bee species worldwide, i.e. Bumblebees, Orchid Bees & Stingless Bees, where they use it as a building material.

Over 300 individual chemical components have been found within beeswax. It has been shown to help with allergies, hayfever by simply burning pure beeswax candles. Beeswax has been shown to give off negative ions which helps to rid positively charged ions such as on dust mite faeces, toxins, pollen, mold, viruses, bad odours. Topically it has shown to be hydrating to the skin, increasing its essential moisture, as well as being antibacterial, antimicrobial in action. In Greece it is used to treat abscesses & heal wounds. Beeswax helps to create a barrier on the skin protecting against the external environment, & does not go rancid.





Bilberry


Bilberry, also known as trackleberry, hurtleberry, dyeberry, huckleberry and whortleberry. Used in medicine since the Middle Ages, Hildegard von Bingen 900 years ago was a big promoter of its use. In WWII Bilberry jam was used by RAF pilots to improve their night vision. Since then scientists began investigations into its effects and its anthocyanins on vision. Bilberry was shown to hasten regeneration of rhodopsin (visual purple), rhodopsin must be quickly regenerated in order to maintain visual sensitivity. Bilberry was shown in trials with air traffic controllers, pilots and automobile drives to improve adaption to the dark, improving night vision. Rich in vitamins C, E, and minerals manganese, phosphorus, Iron, Zinc, Magnesium, Potassium, Selenium, Calcium, Sodium, Silica and Chromium. Shown to help improve cross linkage of fibbers, reduce free radical oxidation, inhibit the enzyme that breaks down collagen and promote the synthesis of collagen, hence increased strength of capillaries, improved joint flexibility as well as a multitude of other health conditions such as:

High cholesterol, diabetes, varicose veins, edema, constipation, diarrhea, hemeralopia (day blindness), gout, nosebleeds, diabetic retinopathy, myopia, glaucoma, dysmenorrhoea, raynaud's syndrome, haemorrhoids, retinitis, gastritis, oesphagitis, cataracts, periodontal disease, asthma, bronchitis, urinary tract infections.





Black Cohosh


Black cohosh has had many names over the years including, 'black bugbane', 'black snakeroot', 'fairy candle' to name a few. Black cohosh has been used for many centuries by the Native Americans of U.S.A. and Canada. Cohosh is an Algonquin Indian word meaning rough, the Latin name Cimicifuga means to drive away bugs. Repelling bugs is one of its many uses but nowadays Black cohosh is mainly used for menopausal symptoms such as hot flushes, joint aches and pains, memory loss and mood imbalances due to menopause, vaginal dryness, and hypertension.

The U.S. Pharmacopoeia included Black cohosh in 1830. Gaining popularity in 1844 when Dr John King used to treat rheumatism and nervous disorders. Used mainly to treat female reproductive disorders including P.M.T. it has been shown in a majority of clinical trials since the 1950's to decrease menopausal symptoms such as hot flushes, depressive mood, nervous irritability and impaired memory as well as helping improving joint pain and improving strength of bones.





Black Walnut Hulls


Black Walnut Hulls, traditionally used for worm infestation, including ringworm, pinworm, tapeworm as well as dipthera, skin eruptions such as herpes, eczema & psoriasis. Black Walnut contains within: 1,4 - naphthoquinones jug lone & plumbagin. Plumbagin inhibits motility of and hatching of Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm) first stage larvae, as well as larvicidal towards Ascaris suum (roundworm) & partial inhibition of A.suum embryonic development. Black Walnut is a gentle and effective laxative; anti-viral; kills warts; anti-fungal; anti-viral, shown to help fight herpes virus, cold-sores, as well as anti fungal, fighting athletes foot, candida, S.T.D's, malaria and even acne. Newer research has shown Black Walnut to help lower high blood pressure, as well as lower serum cholesterol levels, balance blood sugar levels, reduce excessive sweating, and stanch excessive loss of blood whether it be due to menorrhagia, nose bleeds or other internal bleeding. As well as kill parasites it has been shown to help relieve colic, heartburn, flatulence, works as a cholagogue (stimulate bile flow), ease bilious colic, and pain in the spleen. Not recommended during pregnancy.





Blue Gum


From Australia and India in origin, a tall evergreen that grows up to 90 metros high. The younger trees have oval-bluish green leaves while the mature trees have long narrow yellowish leaves, creamy white flowers and smooth pale grey bark. Australian aborigines used the leaves as a disinfectant to cover wounds and many doctors use in surgical dressings as well as commonly seen in cough drops, liniments, mouthwashes, toothpaste and more. Eucalyptus was used to plant i marshy-swampy areas due to it being a large water consumer giving itself a reputation to make land more arable and rid areas of mosquitos. It's been distilled for its oil since at least 1788 a long time favorite in Australia its expectorant action helps to bring up mucous, fight microbes and kill infections such as staph, strep and e.coli. Also used in a lot of cleaning products due to its fabulous disinfecting action as wells great for removing sticky stubborn objects/marks.

Its main medicinal uses are with the respiratory system, such as asthma, coughs, lung congestion, viral, bacterial and fungal infections, sinusitis, tuberculosis, pneumonia, sore throat, cold and flu. As well as being used in many other areas such as diabetes, candida, herpes hypoglycemia, measles, headaches, muscle aches and pain, cystitis, burns, endometriosis, gonorrhea, ear inflammation, malaria, shingles, skin infections, ulcers, vaginitis, wounds, insect repellant and insect bites, flea repellent, parasites, blisters and joint aches and pains.






Burdock


Burdock, also known as Bardana, Beggars Buttons, Fox Clove, Clot bur, Gobo, Niu Bung Zi, Happy Major. Traditionally used for many health conditions including constipation, easing childbirth, breaking up kidney and bladder stones, promoting sweating, arthritis and gout pain, colds and flu, throat and chest conditions, syphilis, leprosy, abscesses, detoxification and cleansing, to stimulate cellular regeneration. In Japan is is known as "Poor man's Potatoes" and it is eaten as a vegetable. It has a reputation as an aphrodisiac and due to this has often been presented to bride and groom as a honeymoon joke! Native Americans would often cook the stem in maple syrup and it would be stored to be eaten over winter. They also used it for arthritis pain, to purify the blood and whooping cough. Burdocks main actions are in its ability to help the body rid itself of toxins. Opening up channels of excretion i.e. bowel, kidneys, lungs, and skin. Used wherever chronic accumulation of waste/toxins sets up inflammation i.e. rheumatism, gout, arthritis, eczema, boils, psoriasis, acne, liver damage, swelling of joints and more.

Nowadays burdock is used for all manner of skin disease i.e. eczema, psoriasis, acne, boils and more as well as all chronic inflammatory conditions, as a blood purifier, for strengthening hair, bringing relief to an itch scalp, dandruff, ridding the body of ringworm/parasites as well as being part of cancer treatment. Rich in vitamins A, B2, B3, C, E, Bioflavonoids, Iron, Calcium, Copper, Iodine, Silica, Sulphur, Zinc and PABA. Arctiin within has been shown to have an effect on relaxing smooth muscle Arctigenin shown to have an inhibitory effect on tumor growth. German practitioner Hildegard of Bingen (1098 - 1179) used Burdock to treat cancer, this was also being used on the other side of the world in America and Canada by Native Indian Tribes as part of their cancer treatments, this information was also passed onto Rene Caisse (1888 - 1978) where she blended with 4 other herbs (Slippery Elm, Turkey Rhubarb & Sheep Sorrel) to use as an amazing cancer treatment.





Cayenne


Cayenne, chilli pepper native of central and tropical south america. Containing high levels of vitamin A, C, B complex, Iron, Calcium, Potassium, Magnesium, Phosphorus and Sulphur. First documented by physician Drego Alvarez Chenea who traveled with Columbus on his second visit to the West Indies in 1494. Native Americans cultivated cayenne for centuries for medical and culinary uses. American Physician Samuel Thomson (during American Civil War times) declared Cayenne a brilliant herb for relieving arthritis, muscle soreness and cold feet. Externally has rubefacient, antiseptic, counter irritant actions shown to stimulate circulation and smooth muscle; affect heat regulation of the body; desensitize nerve endings and therefore help reduce pain, by reducing substance P neurotransmitter. Internally shown to stimulate digestive secretions, peristalsis and perspiration, as well as help with neuralgia, chilblains, chronic laryngitis, rheumatic pains, lumbago, athletes foot, nosebleeds, stomach ulcers, restless legs, rheumatoid arthritis, heart attacks, fevers, candida, colds and flu, diabetic neuropathy, dialysis-induced pruritus, psoriatic pruritus, fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, stump pain, post mastectomy pain, postherpetic neuralgia, sore throats, sinusitis, hypertension, high LDL cholesterol, healing wounds, internal hemorrhaging, psoriasis, itchy skin, cancer, frostbite, strengthening veins/capillaries, toothaches, painful joints and more. Capsicin within has been shown bind to vanillinoid receptors and strongly promote the release of substance P, neurokinin, somatostatin and calcitonin from peripheral nerve fibres, particularly C fibres in the slow pain network. This initially provokes a worsening of pain and itching eventually the C fibbers are depleted of these neurotransmitters and are no longer able to transmit pain or itch signals bringing relief to many a painful condition.





Chamomile


Chamomile (flower) native of Asia Minor, Southern and Eastern Europe, now spread throughout the world. Its name Matricaria may be related to Latin 'Mater' meaning mother and indicating to its use in the treatment of female reproductive disorders. The first wild growing plants of chamomile were introduced in field cultivation during the Neolithic period (9000-7000BC). Used in ancient Egypt, Greece & Rome. The Egyptians considered chamomile sacred due to its alleviating effects on temperatures and sunstrokes, it was thought to be a present of the God of the Sun.

Used for a variety of conditions including the following: Dyspepsia, peptic ulcers, colic, asthma, bronchitis, rheumatism, neuralgic pains, nappy rash, gastritis, epilepsy, nervousness, headaches, X-ray burns, surface & gastric ulcers, uterine bleeding, dermatitis (eczema), insomnia, impetigo, fungal infections, radiotherapy burns, varicose ulcers, oral inflammations, nausea, vomiting, anorexia, nervous diarrhoea, travel sickness, oesophagitis, irritable bowel syndrome, colitis, restlessness, sleep disorders, tension headaches, menopausal tension, painful menstruation, pharyngitis, conjunctivitis, acne, wound healing, constipation, bladder problems, blood purifier, callouses, colds, cramps, dizziness, earache, eye problems, gas, haemorrhoids, jaundice, migraines, pain, parasites, toothache, worms, wounds, antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus species, Candida albicans and E.coli, hair baths make dark hair lighter in colour, adds intensity to your colour and increased elasticity of fair hair.





Castor Oil



Castor Oil - native to India & known as Erand Oil. In Spain it's called 'Aceite de Ricino & in China 'Ma Hong Liang'. It's use goes back to Ancient Rome where it was called the "Palma Christi". Used medicinally in Egypt, India, China, Persia, Africa, Greece & Rome.

The fatty acids within nourish the skin, inhibiting many bacteria, penetrating deeply and helping to keep skin youthful and fresh. Used to soften and remove both external and internal scars. It's believed to be able to distinguish between healthy & abnormal cells, helping to dissolve abnormal and stimulate circulation to the healthy cells while cleansing them. Also used to prevent scars from forming in the first place. Applying over cuts & scrapes will promote excellent skin healing. Using daily it has been shown to lighten liver spots over time, as well as shrink warts & moles without scarring. Great for prevention of stretchmarks during pregnancy, as well as soften roughened skin i.e. calluses/corns, & help get rid of that persistent athletes foot.

The antibacterial/antifungal properties protect the scalp and hair from infections. The Omega 9 within nourish the hair and prevent the scalp from drying, regenerating new hair growth and help thickening of thinning hair. It draws moisture into the hair and skin keeping both looking soft, shiny and strong.

Its antiinflammatory action has been shown to give relief to those with arthritis, back pain as well as muscle aches & pain all over the body. Rubbed over the abdomen and belly button of babies it as been shown to help relieve colic & stomach aches.





Chaparral


Chaparral or creosote bush, traditionally used by Native Americans for stomach trouble, diarrhoea, sore throat. It was considered a cure-all by Northern Mexicans including use as an anti-cancer remedy, due to its potent antioxidant activity. Its main actions are: depurative, antioxidant, anti-tumor, anti-microbial, anti-viral, anti-HIV. When using Chaparral it is advised that you reduce exposure to toxins and free radicals and consume an antioxidant rich diet i.e. rich in organic vegetables & fruit, organic meats, as well as organic whole foods together with Phase II hepatic detoxers i.e. brassica vegetables (broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, brussel sprouts, etc) as well as have regular liver checks. Not recommended during pregnancy, breastfeeding of if you have a past history of liver disease/damage.





Chaste Tree


Chaste Tree has been associated with chastity since the days of ancient Greece. Its main traditional use is for menstrual problems and insufficient lactation. Clinical studies from present day dating back to 1954 have showed Vitex to show improvement with:

• secondary amenorrhoea
• cystic hyperplasia of the endometrium (a disorder due to a relative progesterone deficiency)
• conditions defined as corpus lutem insufficiency
• heavy or frequent bleeding
• polymenorrhoea (shortened cycle)
• oligomenorrhoea (infrequent cycle)
• hyperprolactinaemia & cyclic disorders
• premenstrual syndrome
• premenstrual aggravations including post-traumatic epilepsy, mouth ulcers, orofacial herpes simplex
• mastopathy (breast disease/pain)
• infertility due to pathologically low serum progesterone (but normal prolactin levels)
• premenstrual mastalgia (breast pain)
• acne in men & women
• melatonin insufficiency (insomnia, jet lag, shift work)
• restless leg syndrome
• uterine fibroids
• endometriosis
• Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
• excessive male sex drive
• fibrocystic breast disease
• insufficient lactation
• perimenopausal & menopausal symptoms





Chlorella


Chlorella, the Greek word 'cloros' meaning 'green' & the Latin suffix 'ella' meaning 'small'. Fresh water single celled green algae. One of the first organisms to evolve a true nucleus on Earth over 2.5 million years ago. Very popular in present day taken internally, & is the top selling food supplement in Japan. Extremely high in chlorophyll, complete proteins, rich in vitamins & minerals.

Topically chlorella has been shown to help treat damaged tissue, research showed topically applied can prevent skin cancers





Citric Acid


Derived from citrus fruits, it has antioxidant and skin toning properties. Citric acid is an AHA (alpha-hydroxy-acid), which are used to reduce wrinkles, brighten your skin, reduce sun damage, as well as promote new skin growth, collagen building, and help with reducing dark spots and freckles. As well as this it's also shown to be like a BHA (Beta-hydroxy-acid) making it suitable for cutting through excess oils on your skin. Clinical studies have shown it to rejuvenate sun damaged skin, increasing the amount of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin sulfate, which means it increases collagen formation. "Bernstein EF, Underhill CB, Lakkakorpi J, Ditre CM, Uitto J, Yu RJ, Van Scott E. Citric acid increases viable epidermal thickness and glycosaminoglycin content of sun-damaged skin. Dermatol Surg 1997;23:689-94."





Cleavers


The lymphatic system is one of the places in our body where fat (toxins within the fat) is stored. Cleavers (G.aparine) helps with removal of this out of the lymphatic system and removal via the digestive and urinary system where it supports the kidneys. We can assist cleavers further by exercising as physical movement is our lymphatic systems way of cleaning itself out.

Following are some of the many health conditions Galium aparine has been reported to have benefit:

Abrasions, bites, burns, cancer, cystitis, eczema, enlarged or inflamed lymphatic system, fever, glandular fever, head cold, hepatitis, insomnia, kidney & bladder infections, M.E. (chronic fatigue), oedema, psoriasis, tonsilitis & wounds.





Clove


Clove has a warm, strong, spicy smell, native to India, Indonesia and the Malacca Islands. Used by the Greeks, Romans and Chinese to ease toothache, as a breath sweetener. Its antiseptic properties helping with prevention of contagious diseases such as the plague. Archeologists found cloves within a ceramic vessel in Syria dating back to 1721 B.C. Highly prized in Roman times, cloves have been traded for many years. In the 17th and 18th centuries cloves were worth at least their weight in gold due to the high price of importing them. Clove has many actions including stimulant, carminative, anti-septic, disinfectant, insecticide, anti-spasmodic and anti-neuralgic. Making it suitable for the following health conditions: Acne, bruises, burns, cuts, pain relief, arthritis, toothache, skin sores, leg ulcers, insect repellent, bronchitis, dizziness, depression, strengthening memory, lethargy (uplifting), diarrhea, colds, chills, muscular numbness, spasms, Rheumatoid and Osteo arthritis.





Cocoa


Cocoa butter is a cream coloured fat from cacao seeds(bean). The ultimate moisturiser used to keep skin soft & supple for centuries. It's one of the most stable, highly concentrated natural fats known & melts at body temperature so that it's readily absorbed into the skin. It contains a large amount of natural antioxidants (more than blueberries) which make it great to prevent premature aging as well as prevent rancidity & give it a storage life of at least 2 - 5 years.

First record of Cocoa trees were from around 1000BC. The Indians of South America were the first to use. The Mayan & Aztec civilisations were the first to cultivate chocolate which they called "Xoacotl" tree. Hernando Cortez bought chocolate to Europe from Mexico in 1519. Around 1570 chocolate found to have medicinal properties but cocoa butter was not discovered for 300 more years. Dutch chemist Coenraad van Hoaten invented the cocoa press in 1828, this press extracted the Cocoa butter from the bean.

Cocoa butter is semi-occlusive meaning hen applied it creates a micro - thin barrier between skin and the environment and also helps slow down moisture loss while at the same time allowing your skin to breathe easily. Cocoa contains cocoa mass polyphenol (CMP) a substance that inhibits the production of immunoglobulin IgE. IgE is known to aggravate symptoms of dermatitis. Pregnant women have used to prevent stretchmarks & massaging with cocoa butter has been shown to relieve stress, & boost the immune system. Researchers in Japan have reported that CMP inhibits the growth of cancerous cells lessening inflammation and easing arthritic symptoms.

Cocoa powder is also rich in antioxidants and is made from the nibs of the cocoa beans. These nibs are ground and the cocoa butter removed to make chocolate liqueur, which is then dried and pressed into powder.





Coconut


Abundant in the Pacific rim, South America, Africa, India, Asia, Micro, Mele & Polynesia. Coconut has been in use for the past 4000 years. Documented in Ayurvedic medicine in Sanskrit 1500BC for use in healing the mind, body & spirit.

Easily absorbed, ideal for dry, rough & wrinkled skin. Its antioxidant properties help protect the skin against free radical damage, lessening the appearance of liver spots, age spots by helping keep connective tissue strong & supple, so that the skin doesn't sag and wrinkle. Limits damage from excessive sun-exposure, as well as aiding in healing & repair to wounds & rashes by helping remove the outer layer of dead skin cells revealing a smoother, healthy shine to the skin below.

Coconut penetrates into the deeper layers of the skin, strengthening the underlying tissues. Its antiseptic fatty acids help in preventing fungal & bacterial infections i.e. acne, ringworm, herpes, boils, athletes foot, warts & more. The good bacteria on our skin convert the medium chain fatty acids (caprylic acid) into free fatty acids that kill disease causing bacteria, viruses and fungi. Helping to re-establish the body's chemical barrier to infection.





Comfrey (leaf)


Comfrey, native to Europe & Asia, rich in vitamins A, B12 & C and minerals calcium, potassium, Iron, Magnesium, Sulphur, Copper, Zinc & 18 amino acids. Comfrey leaf contains allantoin, mucilage & tannins. Allantoin it is known to stimulate the proliferation of connective tissue, bone and cartilage. Injuries heal more quickly with less chance of scar tissue forming. The mucilages are soothing internally and externally to inflamed tissues. Tannins give comfrey their astringent nature, working as an anti-haemorrhagic & anti-microbial agent. Making it beneficial in the treatment of: bleeding gums, gastritis, ulcerative colitis, peptic ulcers, pharyngitis, diverticulitis, oesophagitis, haematemesis. Externally applied over the site of deeper, damaged tissues and around injured skin comfrey can help heal: varicose ulcers, hernias, wounds, fractures, bruises, sprains, arthritis, psoriasis, eczema & muscle strains.





Cornflour


Cornflour, made from corn it can soothe and relieve itchy skin caused by dryness, sunburn, eczema, psoriasis, burns and more. Helping to absorb excess moisture a fantastic non-greasy skin conditioning agent, giving you a fresh feeling, leaving your skin feeling silky and smooth.





Crampbark


Commonly going by many names, crampbark, water elder, european cranberry bush, guilder rose, snowball tree. Historically used to treat asthma, hysteria, convulsions, fits, lockjaw, palpitations, heart disease, rheumatism (joint disorders). Used by Native Americans as a tonic, febrifuge, emetic, stomach cramps, cramps in general, pain over the whole body and uterine prolapse. It was eventually put in the Materia Medica of the American Eclectics, British Herbalist and Physiomedical Physicians. Native to Europe, its thought to have originated in the Dutch province Gelderland hence its common name Geulder Rose. It's the national symbol of the Ukraine. Associated with the birth of the universe, the so called Fire Trinity, the sun, the moon and the star. Rich in Magnesium, Calcium and Potassium its antispasmodic, sedative, astringent and hypotensive actions making it helpful in relieving muscular tension, spasms, hypertension, angina, palpitations, myalgia. As well as asthma, whooping cough, constipation, dysphagia, nervous dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, cholecystalgia, urinary stones, infantile enuresis, migraines, tension headaches, dysmenorrhoea, threatened miscarriage, muscular cramps especially menstrual, opiate withdrawal, muscular spasms and more.





Damiana


Damiana more commonly known, a native to Mexico & Texas. Historically recorded as being used for its aphrodisiac effects by the Aztecs & Mayans. In the Caribbean damiana leaves are used for headaches, and for young children found to help in the control of bedwetting.

Damianas main areas of use are with the nervous system and the reproductive system. Acting as a tonic, slightly euphoric in action, helping with depression, anxieties, nerve pain and exhaustion. As well as showing results with impotence, improving libido, low sexual interest, sexual inadequacies of emotional and/or psychological origin being British Herbal Pharmacopeia specific for anxiety neurosis with a predominant sexual factor. It brings oxygen to the genital area, increasing energy levels, restoring desire and believed to even restore the ability to achieve orgasm.





Dandelion


Dandelions have been used as food for much of recorded history in Europe and Asia. Its common name 'dandelion' comes from the French 'dent de lion' meaning 'lions tooth'. Dandelion helps to cleanse the liver so it will produce a better quality and larger amount of bile to emulsify and breakdown fat. Excessive toxins within the body may also lead to congestion and water retention. Dandelion will help to clear these, which in turn also help increase energy levels making us more able to enjoy exercise and make healthier food choices.

Following are some of the many health conditions Taraxacum officinale has been reported to have benefit:

Anorexia, arthritis, bacterial infections, boils, cancer, cirrhosis, constipation, diarrhoea, digestive conditions, eczema, fungal infections, gallstones, gout, hepatitis, high LDL cholesterol, hypoglycaemia, indigestion, insect & snake bites, jaundice, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, skin rashes & diseases, toxic exposure & warts.





Echinacea


First therapeutic knowledge came from Native American tribes, Cheyenne, Choctaw, Comanche, Dakota, Meskawaki Fox, Pawnee, Sioux, Omaha to name a few. This knowledge was then adopted by the Eclectics (a group of Dr's who were predominant in the late 19th & 20th Centuries in the U.S.A.). Europe first learnt of Echinacea around 1895 and the first German cultivation was in 1939, Switzerland in 1950 by the infamous A.Vogel.

It has been shown to be beneficial with the following conditions as well as actions:
Abscesses, allergies, anti bacterial, anti inflammatory, anti fungal, anti septic, anti viral, autoimmune conditions, bacterial infections, bacterial meningitis, boils, burns, candida, colds, cholera, cough, dysentery, eczema, enhances resistance to infections, fever, flu, gangrene, gingivitis, gum abrasions, herpes infection, lymph gland swelling, measles, mouth ulcers, mumps, nasal catarrh, neck pain, pharyngitis, psoriasis, rabies, septic conditions, sinusitis, skin conditions/infections, stomach cramps, smallpox, sore throat, tonsilitis, toothache, venomous bites including snake, viral infections, & wound healing.

Advice: Please check with your practitioner if you are on immunosuppressant medications before using.





Epsom Salts


Magnesium sulfate (Epsom salts) have the ability to soothe sore muscles. This is due to magnesium being a muscle relaxant. It draws toxins from the body and is a sedative and relaxer of the nervous system, helping to reduce the effects of adrenaline and lower high blood pressure. Epsom salts have also been shown (if used at least 3 times per week) to increase energy levels. Also can help reduce any swelling of joints & muscles as well as exfoliate and soothe the skin.





Eucalyptus


From Australia and India in origin, a tall evergreen that grows up to 90 metros high. The younger trees have oval-bluish green leaves while the mature trees have long narrow yellowish leaves, creamy white flowers and smooth pale grey bark. Australian aborigines used the leaves as a disinfectant to cover wounds and many doctors use in surgical dressings as well as commonly seen in cough drops, liniments, mouthwashes, toothpaste and more. Eucalyptus was used to plant i marshy-swampy areas due to it being a large water consumer giving itself a reputation to make land more arable and rid areas of mosquitos. It's been distilled for its oil since at least 1788 a long time favorite in Australia its expectorant action helps to bring up mucous, fight microbes and kill infections such as staph, strep and e.coli. Also used in a lot of cleaning products due to its fabulous disinfecting action as wells great for removing sticky stubborn objects/marks.

Its main medicinal uses are with the respiratory system, such as asthma, coughs, lung congestion, viral, bacterial and fungal infections, sinusitis, tuberculosis, pneumonia, sore throat, cold and flu. As well as being used in many other areas such as diabetes, candida, herpes hypoglycemia, measles, headaches, muscle aches and pain, cystitis, burns, endometriosis, gonorrhea, ear inflammation, malaria, shingles, skin infections, ulcers, vaginitis, wounds, insect repellant and insect bites, flea repellent, parasites, blisters and joint aches and pains.






Eyebright


Eyebright, indigenous to Europe now found in Northern & Western Asia and America. Euphrasia coming from the Greek word Euphrosyne meaning gladness. "Historically believed to "strengthen a weak brain or memory" restore lost sight in the elderly, all eye problems, hayfever". In the 14th Century it was said "to cure all evils of the eye". Both Culpeper and Gerard refer to eyebrights use internally and externally to preserve and improve eyesight - Culpeper saying "…it would half spoil the spectacle makers trade…". An old French term for Eyebright was "casse-lanettes" which means "break your glasses". 1485 thee Poet Milton mentions in his book 'Paradise Lost' "…the archangel Michael gives Eyebright to Adam to cure an eye infection". Used in the Spanish Influenza 1918 and noted as "proved especially useful in the epidemics of la grippe … to control the profuse lachrimation". Rich in vitamins A, C, B complex, D, E, minerals Iron, Silica, Iodine, Copper and Zinc. Eyebright has been shown to help with many conditions such as:

Conjunctivitis, styes strained eyes, blepharitis, sinusitis, ear congestion, head colds, nasal catarrh/congestion, gastritis, hayfever, irritated itchy eyes, chronic sneezing, middle ear infections, sore throat, antibacterial against, Bacillus subtilis, E.coli, Anti fungal against Penicillium spa.






Fennel


Fennel you hear more for cooking/culinary purposes, but it has a long history of uses. Native of the Mediterranean region primarily Italy, France & Greece, now grown in the majority of the world. A part of ancient Chinese, Indian, Egyptian, & Greek medicine. Pliny (1st Century CE) recorded at least 22 uses, one being taken by Roman soldiers to stay healthy. In Greece it was named 'Marathon' as it grew prolifickly near the village of Marathon, close to Athens. Pliny also believed that serpents ate and rubbed against fennel as it was able to improve their eyesight after shedding their skins. In the 13th Century it was used as an appetite suppressant. Puritans in U.S.A. would bring in their hanky filled with fennel seeds to nibble on to stave off hunger during long services. It was believed to ward off evil spirits, hung over doors of cottages to prevent witchcraft and was inserted into keyholes to protect from dwelling ghosts during Midsummers Eve.

It has been shown to be beneficial with the following conditions as well as actions:
Analgesic, antifungal action, anthelmintic, antihirsutism topically, antiinflammatory action, antiseptic properties, anorexia (improves digestion), appetite suppressant, asthma, breast milk production, catarrh (congestion) of the upper respiratory tract, colic, conjunctivitis, coughs, diarrhoea, digestive disorders, diuretic, earache, expectorant action, gout, headaches, irritated eyes, menstrual cramps, painful gas, parasites, sore eyes, stimulate menstruation, stomach cramps, toothache, tonsilitis, ulcers on the eyes, vomiting & worms.





Fenugreek


Fenugreek (seed), used traditionally by the Egyptians, Greeks, & Romans medicinally and culinary. Most commonly used to increase breast milk production during lactation. The seeds contain hormone precursors (diosgenin) that increase milk supply. Its use was associated with increases in milk production by as much as 900%. It has been shown to increase a nursing mother's milk supply within 24 to 72 hours after first taking the herb.

Fenugreek has also been used to increase libido in men, increase erectile function and serve as an aphrodisiac. In Middle Eastern countries the seeds are used for weight gain in underweight individuals and to naturally augment bust size. Fenugreek also contains mucilaginous constituents that give the herb an internal demulcent property which leaves a soothing protective coating over the digestive tract, often used for gastric or duodenal ulcers, diverticulitis, dysentery, colitis, diarrhoea, irritable bowel and Crohn's disease. It's a nutrient rich herb with anti-inflammatory, hypoglycaemic (reduces blood sugar levels and reduces the absorption of sugar from the diet) properties. Used in treating wounds, arthritis and other inflammations, as well as coughs, bronchitis, reducing mucus production, help ease asthma, and sinus problems. Studies have shown that it reduces high cholesterol and that it has a hypoglycaemic effect on those with type 1 diabetes. It may also benefit those who are underweight or with poor appetite, weak digestion, poor appetite or general debility, reduction of fever and menstrual pains.





Feverfew


So called as believed to have saved the life of someone who'd fallen from the Parthenon, the Doric temple of Athena on the acropolis in Athens. Feverfew, originally found in Europe and Asia, commonly seen in New Zealand. Common names Featherfoil, Midsummer Daisy, Wild quinine, Mutterkrout. Contains Vitamins A, C, B3, Iron, Manganese, Phosophorus, Potassium, Selenum, Calcium, Magnesium and Zinc. Specific for migraines and prophylaxis (prevention) of migraines, but used for many health conditions i.e. indigestion, arthritis, allergies, psoriasis, eczema, hayfever, Reumatoid Arthritis, rhinitis, dermatitis, nerve pain, teething, depression, fevers, vertigo, constipation, bloating, flatulence, anorexia, kidney pain and parasites. Having anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, anthelmintic, emmenagogue, febrifuge actions. Historically used to expel afterbirth, bring on menstruation, lift the spirits, hysteria and nervousness, colic, cough, wheezing and difficulty breathing, relieve facial and ear pain in rheumatic disease. Externally to treat freckles, insect bites and as an insect repellent. In 1772 herbalist John Hill said "it would cure the worst headache".





Flax


Harakeke / New Zealand Flax, an invaluable plant used for a multitude of jobs including medicinal. Specific varieties did specific jobs i.e. one for soft fibre, another for strength, and another for its capacity to take dye. Used to make baskets, mats as well as ropes, nets and clothing. Flax is descendant from one of the sons of Rangi (The Sky Father), a celestial entity named Haumia Tiketike, who also presides over fern root, rahurahu, and the hebe species via his son Tuna-rangi.

Used for a multitude of health issues internally and externally, its antiseptic, demulcent, vulnerary, anti-acne, and antibacterial actions make it suitable for helping heal: broken bones (as splints), abscesses, sciatica, stitching wounds, tumors, swollen joints, diarrhea, burns, scalds, wounds, old sores, sunburn, ringworm, venereal disease, chilblains, worms, bruises, lacerations, colds, headaches, stomach troubles ( a New Zealand substitute for castor oil), boils, measles, chicken-pox, prevention of chaffing, eczema, psoriasis, skin rashes, scabies, sores, scrofulous sores, varicose ulcers, cracked skin, and even the ashes of flax stalks sprinkled into wounds would stop bleeding.





Frankincense


Frankincense has a woody spicy smell. It originates from the Middle East, known as the 'holy anointing oil'. One of the gifts offered to the baby Jesus. Commonly used by the Ancient Egyptians as, an offering to the Gods, to fumigate the sick and banish evil spirits. Traded for on the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa for more than 5000years. A mural depicting sacks of Frankincense traded from the Land of Punt adorns the walls of the temple of Ancient Egyptian Queen Hatshepsut who died in 1458 B.C.E. Frankincense is part of 'Ketoret' (consecrated incense used in the Temple services in Jerusalem). The 'lost city of Ubar' is believed to have been the centre of the frankincense trade. Along the recently rediscovered "incense road" Ubar …was rediscovered in the 1990's and…. is now under archaeological excavation. One of the more commonly seen uses of frankincense was done by the Egyptians. They would grind the resin into what is called 'kohl' and it is famously seen as the distinctive black eyeliner in many Egyptian artworks. It was also used in face masks, believed to protect and rejuvenate their skin.

It has been shown to have cicatrisant properties which mean it helps scars to fade be it due to surgery, chicken pox, acne, stretchmarks. It has a calming effect on the mind helping to create an inner peace. Soothing to the respiratory tract as well as urinary tract. Bringing relief to muscular aches and pain especially arthritis. Been shown to help with many health issues including the following:

Wound healing, skin inflammation, bronchitis, colds, coughs, voice loss, anxiety, depression, poor circulation, nightmares, PMT, mucus congestion, poor skin tone, boils, acne, insomnia, arthritis, asthma, digestive disturbances and more.





Ginger


Ginger dates back over 5000 years in India. Its Sanskrit name "Srngaveram" meaning "horn root". Potted ginger plants were carried on local vessels traveling the maritime trade routes of the Indian Ocean and South China Sea in the 5th Century A.D. In the 16th Century it was introduced to Africa & the Caribbean. Ginger was used as an article of trade in the Roman Empire 2000yrs ago, being valued more for its medicinal qualities than as a cooking ingredient. At one stage in England, 1lb in weight of ginger was the equivalent to the cost of a sheep.

Ginger is a circulatory stimulant and digestive stimulant in Western traditional medicine. Circulatory stimulants increase the flow of blood through the tissues of the body which brings increased oxygen and nourishment to the tissues. Ginger is an ingredient in traditional Ayurvedic formulae included to enhance the absorption of the other components and distribution to all parts of the body.

Ginger has been shown to help with the following health conditions:
Allergies, asthma, bacterial infections, bronchitis, carsickness, chilblains, cold, colic, cough, diarrhoea, digestive disorders, fevers, gout, hayfever, headaches, inflammation, lung infection, menstrual pain, mastitis, migraines, narcotic addiction, nauseousness, osteoarthritis, peptic ulcers, poor appetite, poor circulation, rheumatoid arthritis, seasickness, sinusitis, toothache, vertigo, viral infections & vomiting.





Ginkgo


The Maidenhair Tree dates back some 270 million years ago. It diversified & spread throughout Laurasia during the middle Jurassic & Cretaceous Era, but became extremely rare thereafter. It's the only species in a single family. Found mainly in China, but spread to Japan, Korea & even in New Zealand. It grows up to & over 50 metres, with unique fan shaped leaves & needs a male & a female tree to reproduce.

Ginkgo has been shown to help with the following: circulatory disorders, oedema, diabetes, dyslexia, down syndrome, vitiligo, atherosclerosis, stroke, dementia, alzheimer disease, tinnitus, mountain sickness, diabetic neuropathy, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic nephropathy, cognitive function, dizziness, vertigo, hearing loss, tissue healing, glaucoma, macular degeneration, altitude sickness, asthma, multiple sclerosis, peripheral circulation, tissue healing, chronic leg ulcers, stress, schizophrenia, anxiety, migraine, premenstrual syndrome, ovarian cancer, brain tumour, sleeping patterns with depression, & chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.





Goats Milk


Goats have played a role in food culture since time immemorial - cave paintings show huntings of goats. It is one of the oldest domesticated animals believed to have started about 10,000 years ago in Iran. For centuries in Egypt it has been a revered cosmetic ingredient, often placed in their tombs among their treasures. Cleopatra bathed in milk from goats & horses; the Romans/Greeks used to help heal skin injuries especially for delicate and damaged skin.

Goats milk is very gentle to the skin, highly moisturising, recommended by dermatologists to help with healing dry itchy skin, psoriasis, eczema, rosacea, acne & many more skin conditions. Has anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, properties making it fantastic to help heal candida & athletes foot too.

Goats milk is high in medium-chain fatty acids and all of the essential amino acids, vitamins A, B- complex, Calcium, Potassium, Magnesium. It has natural emollients within which help relieve dryness & restore a silky softness to skin. Absorbed easily it prevents dryness and cracking of skin while maintaining a healthy pH which helps to reduce bacterial invasion/infection while aiding healing capacity.





Gotu Kolu


Gotu kolu - considered a small and insignificant weed. Found mainly in India, Asia & Africa been used in Ayurvedic medicine for over 3000 years. Indians called Brahmi after the God Brahma. Commonly known as Pennywort, Jal Brahmi & Mandukaparni. It's name translates to "fountain of youth". A Sri Lankan legend says that elephants have long lives because they eat Gotu kolu.

Gotu kolu has been shown to help with the following health conditions:
Asthma, bronchitis, calming effect, cancer, cellulite, diarrhoea, eczema, epilepsy, eye diseases, fever, gastric ulcers, hypertension, improved cognitive function, improved mood, inflammation, insomnia, leprosy, liver disease, mental exhaustion, mental illness, oedema, psoriasis, scar healing, syphillus, rheumatoid arthritis, urinary tract infections, varicose veins, wound healing and more.





Grapefruit


Grapefruit is native to tropical Asia, a cross between pumello & sweet orange.

Grapefruit essential oil has been shown to help with the following health conditions: Sluggish lymphatic system, overeating, uplifting in mood, weight gain, cellulite, oily skin, aching joints, depression, anxieties, wound healing, stretchmarks, the vitamin C within helps with tissue healing, wrinkles, wound infection, stimulate hair follicles & hair growth, hair thickness & strength, treat dandruff, skin toner, bacterial & fungal infections, induce relaxation, muscle stiffness, water retention, colds, headaches, jet lag, nervous exhaustion & muscle fatigue.





Gymnema


G.sylvestra is an Ayruvedic (Indian herbal medicine) herb that has been used for centuries as a "sugar destroyer". Gymnema has the ability to switch the sweet taste buds off, thus greatly reducing the craving for sweets. As well as that it also inhibts the absorption of sugar molecules in the intestines during digestion, reducing increases in blood sugar levels. When our blood sugar levels are higher or lower than normal that is when our body craves foods and we tend to overeat. In the absence of sweetness, it has been found people eat less sugary food but also helps control appetite and food volume as well.

Following are some of the many health conditions Gymnema sylvestra has been reported to have benefit:

Circulatory disorders, constipation, cough, diabetes, fever, kidney & bladder infections, liver disorders, malaria, snakebites, stomach disorders, swollen glands & weight loss.





Harakeke


Harakeke / New Zealand Flax, an invaluable plant used for a multitude of jobs including medicinal. Specific varieties did specific jobs i.e. one for soft fibre, another for strength, and another for its capacity to take dye. Used to make baskets, mats as well as ropes, nets and clothing. Flax is descendant from one of the sons of Rangi (The Sky Father), a celestial entity named Haumia Tiketike, who also presides over fern root, rahurahu, and the hebe species via his son Tuna-rangi.

Used for a multitude of health issues internally and externally, its antiseptic, demulcent, vulnerary, anti-acne, and antibacterial actions make it suitable for helping heal: broken bones (as splints), abscesses, sciatica, stitching wounds, tumors, swollen joints, diarrhea, burns, scalds, wounds, old sores, sunburn, ringworm, venereal disease, chilblains, worms, bruises, lacerations, colds, headaches, stomach troubles ( a New Zealand substitute for castor oil), boils, measles, chicken-pox, prevention of chaffing, eczema, psoriasis, skin rashes, scabies, sores, scrofulous sores, varicose ulcers, cracked skin, and even the ashes of flax stalks sprinkled into wounds would stop bleeding.





Hebe


Koromiko (leaves) is native to New Zealand but is now grown worldwide, with approximately 100 species. It is used for many digestive disorders as well as having great healing ability externally. Bushmen troubled with cholera frequently treated the disease by chewing fresh leaves of the plant and swallowing the juice or tea. The sap from the leaves was used topically for a children's skin disease called 'hawaniwani' as well as drinking for kidney and bladder troubles.

During the Second World War the leaves were found effective for dysentery by the New Zealand troops in North Africa. Several authors state that Sir Peter Buck first used it during the First World War, but had no knowledge of its use at that time. In the 1895 edition of the Extra Pharmacopoeia, the name 'koromiko' is identified as Veronica slicifolia and V. parviflora. The New Zealand species of Veronica are now placed in a separate genus, Hebe. In 1961 the name Hebe salicifolia was applied to the now more commonly known shrub and was collected by Forster on Captain Cook's second voyage.

So topically it's of benefit for any skin condition to help relieve itchiness, redness and help with healing. The Hebe oil reminds me of a high quality Olive oil a beautiful shade of olive green with a smooth richness to it that is beautiful, gentle and super healing for us all to benefit from.





HIbiscus


The famous plant of the enchanting city of Aswan in Upper Egypt. Known as Roselle, karkade, China rose, red sorrel, jamaica sorrel, red hibiscus. Originating from India, widely seen throughout tropical regions of the world. Traditionally in China burnt in ghee to produce a black dye to blacken eyes and eyebrows and in mascara. Made into garlands in Hawaii. Rich in Vitamin C, B2, B3, Carotene, calcium and iron. Rich in flavonoids, anthocyanins, and polyphenols. Shown to help with loss of appetite, cellulite, menstrual cramps as well as irregular menstruation, colds, build up of catarrh, bronchitis, constipation, headaches, bilious attaches, coughs, anxieties, hypertension, skin conditions, digestive and kidney conditions. Externally helps with eczema, wounds, sores, improving skin flexibility and elasticity, helping restore the natural barrier to hair, giving a shiny silky look, as well as relief from dandruff. The flowers are frequented by hummingbirds and they are also used in salads, as well as dyeing fabric and in jams, jellies, cakes and ice-cream.





Honeydew


Honeydew is formed from the sweet secretions from plant sap-sucking insects which live in the bark of 2 species f New Zealand South Island beech trees. The droplets of nectar from these beech trees glisten like the morning dew, hence the name honeydew. Aphids dine on honeydew and the honey bees collect their excretions.

Honeydew is rich in minerals, antioxidants, bioflavonoids, and has antibacterial activity, making it very nourishing for the skin. It also contains prebiotic oligosaccharides, which have been shown to inhibit the growth of bacteria & improve elimination of toxins.





Hops


Hops, most commonly known for making beer. Now it is used in beer making for its flavour but originally used just as a preservative - shown to prevent gram negative bacteria from infesting! In Germany there a patent has been given to a sausage maker for using hops as a natural preservative. Native to Europe & Western Asia, now cultivated in America, Africa, Asia, Australia & New Zealand. The Cherokee, Mohegen & Fox use as a sedative. It's now used to help with many health conditions with lungs, digestive tract, reproductive tract and nervous system. It's rich in Vitamin B-complex, magnesium, zinc, copper, iodine, manganese, iron, sodium, calcium, chromium, potassium, selenium, silica, beta carotene & amino acids.

It has been shown to be beneficial with the following conditions:
amenorrhoes, anaphrodisiac in men, anorexia, dysmenorrhoea, excitability, heart palpitations of neurogenic origin; inflammatory bowel disease, insomnia, irritable bowel syndrome, irritable coughs (possibly asthma), mucous colitis, nervous coughs, nervous dyspepsia, premature ejaculation, priapism, restlessness and sleep disorders.

WARNING: Should not be used in patients with depression.





Horsetail


Commonly known as horsetail, dutch rushes, paddock pipes, shave grass. Horsetail is rich in silica, selenium, copper, manganese, sodium, copper, iron, iodine, potassium, calcium, sulphur, magnesium and vitamin B5. Astringent, anti-haemorrhagic, diuretic, styptic, vulnerary, anti-rheumatic, in action. Historically used to ease bowel conditions, coughs, chilblains, arthritis, skin problems, menstrual irregularities, conjunctivitis, dysentery, gastrointestinal tract bleeding, frost bite and more. Russian research showed it helped to reduce lead levels in the body. It's main body system that it helps with is the urinary system helping to flush away irritants and infectious agents. Helping to improve bladder tone and reduce prostate enlargement. The large amounts of silica helps to aid tissue healing, so beneficial for cystitis, haematuria, enuresis, prostatitis, prostatic enlargement, incontinence, urethritis, lithiasis, menopausal and arthritis related edema. Externally as a wash for slow healing wounds or bleeding, as a wash for nose, eyes, mouth, vagina and as an ointment for hemorrhoids. Horsetail dates back in use to the Ancient Romans and Greek medicine. Its latin name 'equus' meaning horse 'seta' meaning bristle. Descended from huge tree like plants that thrived 400 million years ago during the Paleozoic era. Fossil evidence showed that many extinct horsetails were treelike and attained a far greater size than those today. It also has been shown to help medicinally with kidney stones, urinary tract infection, brittle nails, applied topically to wounds and burns, anemia, depression, reducing LDL cholesterol, dry hair, excessive menstrual flow, leucorrhea, athletes foot, polyps in the abdomen or anus, stomach ulcers, gout, tonsillitis, T.B., bleeding of gums, cramp, brittle nails or hair, broken bones, dental caries, heel spurs, herpes, skin irritations, bursitis, boils, wounds not healing, cholelithiasis and more. Most recently a Polish study found that Silica (which horsetails is very high in) blocks aluminum absorption in the body.





Hydrangea



Hydrangea commonly known as 'seven bark', its name from Greek origins meaning "water vessel". Used in Chinese, Japanese and Cherokee Indian traditional medicine. Particulary used as a tonic for the prostate, helping with all health issues related to it i.e. prostatitis, enlarged prostate gland, urinary stones/gravel, cystitis, urethritis, perianal pain, testicular discomfort, general tenderness in the region, a constant desire to urinate, irritation of the bladder and urethra, soothing irritated mucus membranes and backache due to inflamed kidneys. Hydrangea helps to break down and prevent further formation of stones and deposits in the urinary system. Stimulates the kidneys to release retained fluid and helps to prevent the formation of gravel. Dr Ellingwood in 1905 quoted physicians from 1830 on their clinical trials of Hydrangea "… 1830's experiments conducted to prove its influence in relieving pain caused by the presence and passage of urinary calculi and favorable reports were made of it's direct usefulness. Its influence controlled the pain in a satisfactory manner, relieved general distress and soothed irritations." he also went on to say that "…Wild hydrangea removes many of the symptoms of prostatitis sufferers: 'frequent urination with heat, burning, accompanied with quick sharp, acute pains in the urethra, partial suppression of urine with general irritation and aching or pain in the back, pain from the passage of renal sand' are direct indications for this agent." Hydrangea has also shown to be beneficial for bedwetting problems in children, as well as being a possible blood cleanser and helping to relieve chronic rheumatoid arthritis, and the swelling of arthritis (possibly due to reducing calcium deposits), gout and edema.





Jojoba


Jojoba, pronunced ho-ho-ba oli is produced from the seed of the jojoba plant, a native plant to Arizona, California and Mexico but now also grown and exported from Argentina as well. It became the main replacement of "sperm whale oil" when it was banned in the 1970's. Jojoba's gorgeous golden liquid has a very stable shelf life. It also resembles our own skin sebum, and has quick, easy absorption making it ideal for all skin types. Shown to unclog the pores, lift grime and impurities, making it suitable for oily, acne prone skin.

Jojoba has shown anti-inflammatory, antifungal actions making it very healing and soothing to our biggest organ our skin!





Lavender


Lavender's Roman name - "lavare", meaning "to wash" or "livendula" meaning "livid or bluish". Documented use for over 2500 years, the Egyptians for mummification as well as in perfumery. Mentioned in the Bible as "spikenard" which is the Greek name for Lavender - "Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anoited the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair, & the house was filled with the odour of the ointment". It is believed to be taken from the Garden of Eden but its scent was bestowed when Mother Mary laid Jesus' clothing upon a bush to dry. Lavender spread across Europe from Greece to France in 600 B.C. Medieval & Renaissance Europe washing women were known as "lavenders". Grave robbers used to wash in "Four Thieves Vinegar" (which contained lavender) after doing their dirty work. Elizabeth I apparently demanded lavender conserve at the table & lavender flowers every day of the year - a hard task as they do not flower every day of the year! Roman soldiers & soldiers in WWI used lavender to dress their war wounds. Rene Gattefosse (the founder of modern day aromatherapy) badly burned his hand, he put lavender oil on & the pain stopped & the wound healed quickly.

Lavender has been shown to help with the following health conditions: Hyperactivity, insomnia, flatulence, bacterial & fungal infections, gum infections, impotence (in a study of men pumpkin & lavender were found to be the most arousing scents!), acne, skin rashes, aching joints & muscles, insect repellant, nits, stress, depression, sinus congestion, hangovers, headaches, tension, exhaustion, colds, liver & gall bladder complaints, loss of appetite, respiratory complaints & is even being looked at for helping with breast cancer treatment.





Lemon Balm


Lemon balm is native to the Mediterranean, Western Asia, South Western Siberia & Northern Africa. Its usage dates back at least 2000 years. Its Greek names meaning bee/honey bee. It is noted in the U.S. Pharmacopoeia from 1840 - 1890. Lemon balm was a sacred herb in the temple of Artemis/Diana, it assisted the ancient beekeepers in keeping honeybees fed with nectar. It has been used in Monasteries (our 1st hospitals) in wound healing, as a general tonic (the Benedictine Monks claimed that Lemon balm is a cure for malaria), as well as the Monks making perfumes i.e. Carmelite Water, & liquors i.e. Chratreuse. Carmelite Water was used to protect from the plague, & was so prized it's name "Eau de Melisse des Carmes" was granted by Louis XIV, XV & XVI of France. In the 17th Century it was known as "the herb of success" being able to renew youth & strengthen the brain. It is known to give off ozone (which has been shown to help heal a number of health conditions).

Lemon balm has been shown to help with the following health conditions: Insomnia, Alzheimers, agitation, mood disorders, restlessness, anxieties, Herpes simplex type 1(cold sores), fevers, colds, catarrh, sore throat, digestive disorders, stress, hyperthyroidism, insect bites, viral, fungal & bacterial infections, as an antispasmodic, mumps, respiratory disorders, birthing, cardiovascular disorders, aching joints, allergies, baldness, oily hair, irregular menstruation, hypertension & as an insect repellant.





Lemongrass


Lemongrass is native to India and Nepal, used in Asian cuisine and tea. Ayurvedic medicine use for many things be it bacterial infections, reducing muscle and joint pain, depression, anxieties, cognitive disorders as well as repelling insects, combating jet lag, insomnia and many skin conditions including acne, athletes foot, cellulitis, folliculitis and cellulite. Lemongrass has anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory actions which help to tone muscle and tissues, relieve colds, heal cuts, scrapes, burns and open wounds, as well as relieve headaches and provide mental clarity. It's believed that it dilates the blood vessels, helping to draw excess fluid from hidden fat deposits under the skin, hence it's ability to help reduce the appearance of cellulite.



Lemon Verbena


Lemon verbena native to South America, was named after Maria Louisa the princess of Parma and wife of King Carlos IV King of Spain. It was bought to Europe by Spanish explorers in the 17th Century from Argentina & Chile. It was used for its lemony oil which was used in perfumes and beverages. Used in cooking to this day in salads, drinks, cakes & desserts as well as flavouring cheeses, and meats.

It has been shown to be beneficial with the following conditions as well as actions:
Antidepressant, antiinflammatory, antispasmodic, anxiety, asthma, bloating, cellulite, colds, cold sores, colic, nasal congestion, cough, crohn's disease, digestive aid, digestive spasms, expectorant, fevers, indigestion, itching, mild sedative, nerves, P.M.S., skin healing & toning, stomach cramps, stress, strengthening the nervous system, & weight loss.





Licorice


Licorice - Used in China, Greece & British Isles for many years, Alexander the Great used for it's healing properties, soothing of coughs, healing of digestive disorders, relief of arthritis & ulcer pain. Even found in King Tut's tomb, it was to be taken to the next live where it was made into a drink called 'maisus'. Many Hindus believe it to increase sexual vigour when drunk with milk & sugar. While traditional Chinese medicine use as part of cancer treatment, it's known largely in western society for its use in the manufacture of the "candy licorice", flavouring tobacco & as a foaming agent in fire extinguishers & beer.

Its name Glycyrrhiza comes from the Greek 'glukos' meaning sweet, and 'riza' meaning root. It was used to alleviate the bad effects of highly spiced, overcooked food & contaminated meat. During the reign of Edward I in 1305 a tax was put on all licorice imports to help repair the London Bridge. Traditionally within Sambuca, Ouzo & Anisseco.

Known to help with many health conditions, strengthening adrenal glands during times of stress, soothing inflammed lungs. Its anti-inflammatory action topically relieving eczema, psoriasis, and many more skin irritations. Protective to the liver, anti-allergic properties as well as anti-viral topically.





Lime Flower


Lime flower is found mainly in the Northern hemisphere in Asia, Europe, & North America. They grow to 20 - 40 metres high & are of no relation to the Lime Fruit, but are related to the Elm tree. It has been used as wood for guitar making (superstrat) as it produces consistent tone with no dead spots. Slavic mythology see it as a sacred tree (it is there national emblem). Croatian currency 'kuna' consists of 100 lipa, meaning linden. In German mythology it's believed the tree will help unearth the truth - judicial meetings were held under the trees. It has been called the "Tree of Lovers". In Greek Mythology Baucis & Philemon an elderly couple, Baucis was turned into a Linden tree & Philemon was turned into an Oak tree.

Lime flower has been shown to help with the following health conditions: Restlessness, hysteria, headaches, colds, coughs, fever, hypertension, oedema, digestive disorders, anxieties, insomnia, respiratory infection, skin irritations, joint pain, bacterial infections, bronchitis, indigestion, irregular heartbeat, vomiting, fever, cellulitus, leg ulcers, and has great anti-inflammatory & antioxidant action.





Manuka Extract


Manuka extract, NZ tea tree - native to New Zealand. Called 'Tea Tree' by Captain cook as he made tea from it, hence why Melaleuca spp. in Australia are also called Tea tree as Captain cook traveled their coastline as well. Traditionaly used for urinary cmplaints, reducing fever, head colds, stiff backs, aching joints, STD's, skin diseases, sedative for insomnia, over-excited person or one in pain, fractures, breast congestion, mouthwash and sore eyes. Shown to be 100 times stronger than Australia tea tree Melaleuca alternifolia, making it an amazing healer!


It has anti-bacterial , anti fungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-wrinkle, astringent activity. Shown to help with acne, body/foot odour, hair and scalp problems, eczema, psoriasis, boils, insect bites, sunburn, cuts, abrasions, eczema, bed sores, urinary tract infections, athletes foot, fungal toenails, fleas, head lice, parasites, nasal congestion, respiratory conditions i.e. bronchitis, flu and coughs and more.





Marigold


Originally from Mediterranean Europe & Asia. Named by the ancient Romans, who observed that the plant was in bloom on the first day of every month. Calendula, Kalends or Calends - Latin for 1st day of the month of the Roman Calender. Officinalis, indicates that it's in the official list of medicinal herbs. It's common name 'Marigold' refers to the blossoms' association with the Virgin Mary. Calendula has been used for centuries as a culinary and medicinal herb. The bright yellow/orange blossoms were used to dye cheese & butter, as well as it being added to sauces, soups, porridge and puddings.

Following are some of the many health conditions Calendula officinalis has been reported to have benefit:

All wounds, anorexia, acne, biliary insufficiency, broken capillaries, bruises, colds, chilblains, conjunctivitis, cold sores, cervical dysplasia, dysmenorrhoea, constipation, duodenal ulcers, epistaxis, enteritis, eczema, fevers, fungal infections, functional amenorrhoea, gastric ulcers, gallstones, gastritis, hepatitis, haemorrhoids, influenza, indigestion, jaundice, liver congestion, lymphoma, lymphadenopathy, mastitis, periodontal disease, sunburn sebaceous cysts, Trichomonas vaginalis, vaginitis, vaginal thrush & varicose veins.





Menthol Crystals


Menthol crystals originate from mint essential oil extraction. The crystals come from freezing the base concentrate oil. Clear/white in color and solid at room temperature. Menthol crystals are cooling and refreshing with a strong mint smell and especially helpful for relieving coughs, upper and lower respiratory problems, congestion/stuffiness, flu, bronchitis, sore throat, pain relief from excessive coughing, giving a sensation of cold and leaving a feeling of numbness, bringing relief during a tiring time.

Other plants that contain menthol, the main ones from the lamiaceae family i.e. field mint, peppermint, pennyroyal, spearmint, sage, water mint and more as well as others not in the mint family such as sunflower, yarrow, juniper, cabbage, elder and maize.






MSM


MSM, a natural sulphur compound sourced from plants, found naturally in fruit, vegetables, meat, eggs, fish and dairy products. Sulphur is the 4th most abundant mineral in the body, a vital building block of our connective tissue. Used as an anti-inflammatory to help bring relief to many health conditions including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, allures, candida, muscle and joint injuries, post surgery recovery, burns, hayfever, skin health i.e. eczema, psoriasis, nail and hair health, scar healing, pain due to al causes, asthma, constipation, ulcers, stomach acidity, improve digestion, improve bodies metabolism of insulin, detoxify the body, improve circulation, speed wound healing, reduce crampon, repair skin including acne blemishes. As well as help with fibromyalgia, nerve pain, headaches, migraines, insect bites, carpal tunnel, bursitis, athletes foot, fungal infections, diabetes, pneumonia T.B., liver dysfunction, radiation burns, alzheimers, urinary tract infections, premenstrual syndrome, chronic fatigue, acne, burns, fungal infections, bruises, bursitis, rashes, sunburn, tendonitis, conjunctivitis, colds, sore throats, varicose veins, gingivitis, eye inflammation, cramps and pain. Whew what a list!! Dr Stanley Jacob M.D. has done the largest amount of research for over 35 years and he's found MSM's beneficial for a variety of health conditions. It helps to maintain the structure of connective tissue i.e. cartilage, tendons, ligaments. Its a vital building block of joints, cartilage, skin, hair and nails which support many vital biochemical processes in the body, including energy production.





Mugwort


Commonly known as mugwort, cronewort, moxa, traveler's herb, felon herb, muggons to name a few. It's latin name derived from the Godess Artemis. Native to Europe and Asia, now common in New Zealand and Australia. Having emmenagogue, stomachic, orexigenic, choleric, anthelmintic, hemostatic, antispasmodic, diaphoretic actions. Related to a more commonly used herb Wormwood. Its main area of healing is in the reproductive tract, shown to have helped with delayed menstruation, scant but prolonged menstruation, dysmenorrhoea, to hasten labour, functional amenorrhoea, irregular menstruation, menorrhagia, and help with expulsion of placenta. It can also help in other areas of health such as anxieties, depression, tension, convulsions, to stimulate digestive secretions and appetite so good for anorexia, indigestion, colic, roundworms, threadworms, indigestion, dyspepsia, insomnia, parasites, liver disorders, asthma, sore throats, wounds topically, tumors, fibromyalgias, irritable bowel syndrome, fungal infections, epilepsy, and headaches to name a few. In Native American folklore it was used to keep ghosts away or worn as a necklace to prevent dreaming of the dead or used as sleep pillows and to help give more lucid dreams. In Chinese Traditional Medicine it's used in Moxibustion (heat therapy) to help stimulate the flow of qi and maintain general health dispelling cold and dampness.





Mullein


Great or Common Mullein, native to Europe, Northern Africa, India and introduced to America & Australasia. Growing wild in open, drier areas, poor stony & gravelly pastures & river beds. By the 19th Century it had over 40 different common names in English alone, the more whimsical ones: 'Hig candlewick', 'Bullicks lungwort', 'Adams rod', 'Feltwort', 'Hare's beard', 'Shepherds Club', 'Our Lady's Flannel' and more. Verbascum a corruption of 'barbascum' from Latin 'barba' (a beard) was bestowed by Linnaeus.

Dioscorides used over 2000 years ago for pulmonary (lung) disease and this is still the primary use of Mullein today. As well as the lungs it's been found to soothe an inflamed digestive tract as well as help relieve migraines and headaches. Linked to witches, as being the plant to use to ward off curses and evil spirits. Dried leaves and hair were mixed together to make candlewicks; leaves were put into shoes to help insulate them; dried stems were dipped into suet to make torches & ashes of the plant made into soap will restore hair which has become grey to it's original colour!

It contains Vitamins A, B complex & D, as well as iron, magnesium, potassium and sulphur. Having an expectorant, demulcent, anticatarrhal and diuretic action internally. The saponins within stimulate expectoration, making mucus more fluid. As well as help soothe and relax the bronchial musculature.

Mullein has been shown to be beneficial for the following health conditions: (BHP specific for bronchitis with hard cough and soreness) Bronchitis, common colds, coughs especially hard/persistent ones, earache, pleurisy, respiratory catarrh, tracheitis, tuberculosis, whooping cough & wounds.





Neem Oil


Neem oil, native to India, used in Ayurvedic medicine since 2000 - 4000BC. It's earliest records of use are found in Kautilya's "Arthashastra" (4th Century B.C.). Known in Sanskrit as "Arista" - meaning perfect, complete and imperishable; "Nimba" - meaning to give good health; "Pinchumada" - destroyer of leprosy and healer of skin infections; referred to as "the curer of all ailments". Unani scholars called it "Shajar-e-Mubarak" or the blessed tree; Persian scholars called it "Azad-dirakht-l-Hind" or noble tree of India.

In 1922 Neem oil products were found in clay pots at a 5000 year old Indus Valley Archaeological site in North Western India. In 1942 Siddiqui, 1st scientist to bring Neems actions to attention of natural products chemists. In 1959 during a plague of locusts in Sudan saw that the only greenery left untouched were the Indian Neem tree. All parts are used - leaves, twigs, and oil from the nuts. It is cherished in India, considered 'Good Luck'. It's moisturising and regenerative properties due to it's vitamin E and Essential Fatty Acid content.

Shown to help internally and externally with dry skin, bacterial infections, fungal infections, acne, boils, ulcers, psoriasis, eczema, scabies, head lice, premature greying, aids, cancer, malaria, diabetes, hepatitis, ulcers, kidney disorders, yeast infections, STD's, gum disease, mononucleosis, blood disorders, heart disease, nerve disorders, allergies, as an insect repellant, arthritis, athletes foot, chicken pox, dandruff, herpes, warts stress, jaundice, leprosy, rheumatism, fever, gastrointestinal diseases, respiratory diseases, intestinal parasites, insomnia, burns, wounds, sprains, hives, sinusitis, bites, heartburn, conjunctivitis, kidney stones, wrinkles, eye disorders, earache and more.





Nettle


Nettle originates from Britain, Northern Europe and Asia, now found wild in New Zealand. It's fibres have been used for centuries to make shrouds, sailcloth, sacking, cordage and fishing nets. During WWI it was used as a cotton substitute in German Uniforms. As well as fibre it is used as a dye, due to it's rich source of chlorophyll it has a beautiful green which is used with fabric, foods and soap making. Roman soldiers were believed to beat themselves with Nettle to encourage surface blood circulation so they would stay warm in the freezing temperatures in Britain.

Following are some of the many health conditions Urtica dioica has been reported to have benefit:

All skin conditions, allergies, anaemia, asthma, bacterial infections, coughing up of blood, diabetes, eczema, fatigue, fungal infections, gout, haemorrhoids, hayfever, kidney stones, lung infections, melaena, menorrhagia, milk production, nosebleeds, osteoarthritis, poor circulation, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, shingles, sinusitis, sore muscles, stomach complaints, ulcers, urinary infections, worms & wounds.





Oatmeal


Oatmeal is believed to be first discovered nearly 4000 yrs ago for its skin soothing effects. Recognised since Roman times as a topical cleanser and skin treatment, discussed in literature texts by Pliny, Columella & Theophrastus for it's many uses with skin conditions, how it relieves the itchiness of chicken pox, how it helps to calm down inflamed skin & draw out impurities, leaving skin softer & silkier.





Orange


Orange - derived from the Sanskrit word for fruit - naranj. Native to China & a symbol for "good luck & prosperity". Bought to Europe from China by the Portuguese in 1520. Gaining a reputation in the 18th Century for alleviating nervous disorders, heart problems, colic, asthma & melancholy. Traditional Chinese Medicine uses orange to alleviate stagnant energy in the liver, which they associate with excess stress and tension.

Orange essential oil has been shown to help with many health conditions including the following: acid reflux, anxieties, colds, coughs, constipation, depression, oedema, eczema, cellulite, elimination of toxins, lymphatic stimulation, muscle pain, oily skin, stress, withdrawal & worry. A great anti-inflammatory, anti-septic, anti-depressant, anti-spasmodic & sedative in action.

It promotes a sense of calmness, especially with overactive children/adults. Relieves excessive fluid build up, with the formation of collagen which repairs & strengthens body tissues & helps you to approach life in a more relaxed manner.





Palm Shortening


Derived from the fruit and kernels of the palm tree. Originally from West Africa, traders introduced to Indonesia and Malaysia. It's rich in vitamin K, A, E, Magnesium, CoQ10, squalene, oleic & palmitic fatty acids. Palm applied to wounds aids healing and has been shown to be very beneficial for eczema, acne, & healing scars.

Our palm shortening is alway sourced from a sustainable organic growing area, we will never source from Indonesia the home of the Orangutan.





Patchouli


Patchouli has a deep earthy musky fragrance. Used in perfumery, rituals, cosmetics, scenting textiles & a deterrent to insects. Originated in South east asia, cultivated in Indonesia, India, Philippines, Malaysia, China & South America. It's name in Hindustan, "patch" = green and "ilai" = leaf, used in incense to help assist in grounding & centering the mind. In folklore it's associated with prosperity, abundance & money. More memorably with some the 60's & 70's.

Been shown to help reduce tension, insomnia & anxiety. It's uplifting & soothing to nerves. Used topically for skin problems i.e. acne, eczema, cellulite, haemorrhoids, varicose veins, inflamed, cracked, chapped, & irritated skin. Heals wounds, scars, relieves itching with it's anti-septic, anti-microbial, anti-fungal actions. Shown to help with dandruff, oily hair, keep bedbugs & insects at bay.





Pau d'Arco


Pau d'Arco is from Central & South America. It is called the 'divine tree', dating back 1000's of years to the Incas, Aztecs, Indio tribes of Brazil and natives of the South American rain forests. The Gurani and Tupi INdians call the tree 'tajy' meaning "to have strength and vigor".

Following are some of the many health conditions Tabebuia avellanedae has been reported to have benefit:

Acne, anaemia, arthritis, backache, bacterial infections, blood purifier/detoxifier, boils, cancer, candida, cardiovascular disorders, chronic fatigue syndrome, chronic immune deficiency, cold sores, diabetes, digestive disorders, eczema, fever, fibromyalgia, fungal infections, gastritis, haemorrhoids, hepatitis, herpes, HIV, inflammatory bowel disease, inflammatory skin conditions, influenza, itchiness, leukemia, liver disease, lowered libido, malaria, pain relief, parasites, poor circulation, prostate disorders, psoriasis, respiratory infections, ringworm, stomach ulcers, toothache, urinary infections, venereal diseases, viruses & wounds.





Peppermint


In Asia peppermint signifies friendship & love when put in scrolls. Minthe was the daughter of the river God Cocytos. Hades fell in love with Minthe which made Goddess Persephone angry, so she killed Minthe & dismembered her. Hades scattered her remains from which mint plants grew up on, on a sunny hill to the east of Pylos in Messinia. Greeks & Romans would spread peppermint on the floor to stimulate their guests appetite. Mint wreaths were worn by Greeks & Romans to prevent hangovers. Now more commonly used as a flavouring agent in food, chewing gum, candy, beverages, toothpaste & mouthwashes.

Peppermint has been shown to help with the following health conditions: Irritable bowel syndrome, colds, sinusitis, digestive complaints, headaches, circulation, diarrhoea, flatulence, seasickness, pain relief, oedema, parasites, liver disease, heart palpitations, nasal catarrh, gallstones, colic, external wound healing, burns, eczema, bronchitis, fever, vomiting, post-op nausea, nervousness, sore throat, toothache, nerve pain, ulcerative colitis, crohns disease.





Plantain


Plantain, native to Eurasia found throughout Australia & New Zealand considered a weed! The leaves are used medicinally, they are rick in vitamins C, K & minerals calcium, potassium, sulphur and a high content of trace minerals. Its active constituents are: Iridoids, Flavonoids & Tannins which give its anti-inflammatory, diuretic, and anti-haemorrhagic actions. Its areas of healing are the urinary tract, helping bring relief to: cystitis, prostatitis, calculus & haematuria. Externally beneficial for healing wounds, haemorrhoids (piles), as an eyewash for blepharitis, conjunctivitis and as a mouth wash for mouth inflammations & mouth ulcers. Historically used to stop bleeding including excessive menstrual bleeding, internal haemorrhaging, snake bites, dog bites, bee stings, wasp stings, nettle rash, burns, gout, fever, coughs, parasites, ear and eye pain, toothache, as well as topically being applied to itchy skin, ringworm, shingles, malignant ulcers and oral thrush.





Pomegranate


Pomegranate, a native plant of Northern Africa, written about in 1552 BC in Egyptian Ebers Papyrus (the oldest and most important medical document yet recovered). It was used for arthritis, circulation disorders, viruses and digestive problems.

Studies by American Association for Cancer REsearch and South Dakota State University showed that its use inhibited growth of skin tumors as well as a 70% lower incidence of tumors and the tumors that were present were smaller than those who didn't receive the pomegranate extract.

Its anti-inflammatory, anti-micorbial actions help to reduce swelling and ease muscular aches and pains. Studies have shown that the oil stimulates keratinocyte proliferation, promoting regeneration and strengthening of the epidermis. Its natural phytoestrogens have shown to help ease menopausal and perimenopausal symptoms i.e hot flushes, vaginal dryness and mood swings.

Pomegranates have high levels of antioxidants that fight skin aging i.e. Vitamin A, C, E and Essential Fatty Acids. Punicic and ellagic acids that help the skin to heal, protect from aging, moisturise dry, cracked, mature, irritated skin and bring back elasticity. Its been shown to help with eczema, psorisis, sunburn as well as reduce wrinkles. Ellagic Acid is a free radical scavenger increasing glutathione, which helps protect the skin and body from DNA damage. Topically shown to boost a SPF4 sunscreen by 20%, stimulate new skin synthesis and even out skin tone.





Red Clover


Native to Europe, West Asia & North Africa, Red Clover is common throughout New Zealand. Eaten in salads and included in Honey as well as being a nutritious cattle fodder. Associated by medieval christians with the trinity, it's three lobed leaves are the reason for it's name Tri meaning 3, folium meaning foliage/leaf.

Following are some of the many health conditions Trifolium pratense has been reported to have benefit:

AIDs, arthritis, asthma, bacterial infections, benign prostatic hyperplasia, bronchitis, burns, cancer, chronic skin disorders, colds, conjunctivitis, coughs, decreased circulation, eczema, fungal infections, general inflammation, gout, HIV, hypertension, insect bites & stings, insomnia, irritable bowel syndrome, kidney infections, liver ailments, lymphatic congestion, mastitis, menopausal symptoms, nervous tension, psoriasis, viral infections, water retention, weakened immunity & whooping cough.





Red Mica



Mica is a natural, safe, non-toxic fine mineral powder, which reflects light creating a pearlescent, sparkly appearance on the skin. Mica is a group of minerals that include biotite, muscovite and hepidolite. Found in metamorphic, sedimentary and igneous rock. The word "mica" is Latin meaning "a crumb" and more likely in this case mica is also taken from the word "micare" meaning "to glitter"






Red Raspberry Seed


Red Raspberry Seed is rich in Essential Fatty Acids (Omega 3 & 6), Vitamins E, A and Carotenoids. It has Antibacterial, anti-viral, anti-aging actions, making it very beneficial for inflammed, damaged skin, psoriasis, eczema, acne, wounds, radiation therapy. It has been shown to have a sunscreen effect with its SPF factor ranging from 28 - 50 (note our Red Raspberry Seed has not been tested for its level of SPF, we do not guarantee sun protection). Ellagic Acid within has been shown to be effective against cancers causing apoptosis in cancer cells in the lab. Possibly working by preventing the binding of carcinogens to DNA and by strengthening connective tissue which prevents spreading.





Rice


Rice is the most important staple food for Asia, Latin America & Africa. Cultivated over 10,000 years, first domesticated in the Yangtze river valley. Rice bran oil is widely used in the kitchen today. It is extracted from the germ and inner husk of rice. High in oleic & linoleic acids & even higher in Vitamin E than wheatgerm oil.

Perfect for dry, flaky, sensitive, mature & delicate (e.g. baby) skin. An effective substitute for lanolin, helps to reduce inflammation, soothe discomfort, wonderful for itchy alligator skin, eczema, psoriasis, rosacea & more.

"Rice bran Beauties" was the name given to Japanese women who use rice bran products on their skin. Rice bran oil has been used in Japanese soap making for many many years.





Rooibos


Red-Bush or Rooibus pronounced 'roy-boss', is grown in the Western Cape Province. It was brought to the rest of the world in the 1930's by Benjamin Ginsberg and local doctor Dr Le Fras Nortier. The tiny seeds were difficult to obtain as they dispersed as soon as the pods cracked, but they were lucky enough to get seed from a Khoi woman who had followed ants dragging seed, she followed them back to their nest and upon breaking it open found a granary. It's popularity has since grown since their beginnings at the Klein Kliphuis farm, and is now the main tea export of South Africa.

Rooibus is very rich in antioxidants, flavonoids, bioflavonoids, alpha hydroxy and many nutrients such as zinc, magnesium, manganese, copper, potassium and more. It's many health benefits include helping with all skin conditions i.e. acne, hives, eczema, sunburn; prevents DNA damage; Cardiovascular protection; Improves glucose uptake and insulin secretion after a meal; Aids in liver tissue regeneration; Lowers high blood pressure; Inhibits lipid peroxidation and brain aging; Lowers the risk of heart disease; Decreases allergies; Relief to respiratory ailments i.e. asthma, bronchitis; Relief to digestive upsets and even irritable bowel syndrome; Possible benefits for Cancer, AIDs; Anti-fungal in action; Calming, so great for nervous tension & stress.





Rosehip Oil


Rosehip Oil rich in Essential Fatty Acids (Omega 3 & 6 up to 80%), betacarotene, lycopene, Vitamin A, C and E. in World War II in England children were given the job of collecting rosehips from hedgerows as oranges were unavailable so they could get their Vitamin C Boost. Nostradamus made rosehip pills during the plague. Native Americans used in many recipes at mealtime and illness. Used in jams, teas, pies, bread and more. Even added to Guinea PIgs and Horses feed to improve overall health and coat.

A study in the 1980's University of Conception in Chile, Dr Bertha Pareja and Dr Horst Kehl evaluated the action of rosehip oil on the skin finding that it produced an effective regenerative action on the skin.

Its actions have shown it to be beneficial for many skin conditions, dry irritated weathered skin, burns including sunburn, lessens visible scars, stretch marks, improve softness and elasticity, balances oily/combination skin, smoothes wrinkles, reduces signs of ageing, rehydrates the skin, dry scalp, hair treatment, psoriasis scars, chicken pox scarring, radiotherapy burns, dry eczema, beneficial for all skin types.





Rosemary


Native to the Mediterranean, now found throughout most of the world. Some of its more common names being, 'old man', 'polar plant', 'compass-weed'. It's latin name "ros" "maris" means "dew of the sea". It's usage dates back t 500 B.C. Greeks & Romans used as an aphrodisiac, they would put sprigs put into pillows so that their true love would come in their dreams. A sprig in the wedding cup was passed around to guests and a sprig also given to the husband to ensure him being faithful. A favourite of Napoleon, using more than a hundred bottles of rosemary water on his honeymoon alone. It symbolises love, loyalty, friendship & remembrance. In Greece students wore garlands of rosemary in the belief it would help their memory. To this day students in Greece burn it in their homes. Used in sick chambers to purify the air. Thieves feet washed with rosemary water were believed to n longer have the strength to commit robbery, steal or do any further harm to others. Branches strewn in courts of law as a protection from "jail fever" (typhus). In WWII rosemary & juniper was burned in field hospitals to prevent infections. During the plague of 1665 rosemary was carried in handles of walking sticks & in pouches to be sniffed when travelling through suspicious areas.


Rosemary has been shown to help with the following health conditions: low blood pressure, flatulent dyspepsia, poor digestion, headaches, insect bites, depression, chronic circulatory weakness, breast cancer, bruises, skin wounds, hair loss, cardiovascular disease, gout, halitosis, memory, liver disease, irregular menstruation, & fever.





Sage


Sage (leaf) has traditionally been used to restrain excessive sweats and for debility of the nervous system including nervous exhaustion. In an open trial conducted for 3 months it reduced hotflashes/flushes and night sweating. It also is astringent, antiseptic and used to treat inflammations and infections of the mouth and throat including laryngitis, and for sore throat. Research over the past decade in the United Kingdom have shown the potential role of sage in enhancing cognitive performance i.e. improving memory as well as showing promise in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The 16th century English herbalist John Gerard wrote about sage: 'It is singularly good for the head and brain and quickeneth the nerves and memory'. Culpeper stated: 'It also heals the memory, warming and quickening the senses'. From the writings of Hill in 1756 we find a possible reference to AD: 'Sage will retard that rapid progress of decay that treads upon our heels so fast in latter years of life, will preserve faculty and memory more valuable to the rational mind than life itself.'





Sandalwood Powder


Sandalwood Powder, gorgeous red in colour, shown to help with removal of age spots, acne scars, wrinkles, uneven tone and texture. Helps with skin blemishes, headaches, healing irritated and inflamed skin, acne, burns, psoriasis, eczema, flaky skin, insect bites. Great for all skin types, it is anti-microbial in action, antiseptic properties, used in mainstream medicine up till the 1930's for wound healing, fever, headaches diarrhea, skin diseases and more. Fantastic to help with dealing with stress, anxiety & irritability. Native to India, used in HIndu rituals and ceremonies, applied to the skin and objects. Believed to bring one closer to the divine. It has a cool soothing effect to the body thus helping to reduce the body heat in fever. In Buddhism it's believed to transform one's desires and maintain a person's alertness in meditation.





Saw Palmetto


Saw Palmetto is a small shrubby, creeping palm native to southern regions of North America. The leaves have sharp spiny edges which can cut the clothing or legs of those unfortunate to come in contact with it, hence the common name of Saw Palmetto. The fruit is the part used in medicine. Its actions (anti-inflammatory, endocrine agent, spasmolytic, possibly antiandrogenic) show it to be of benefit for the following:

Benign prostatic hyperplasia, acute and chronic prostatitis; improving gonadal function and hormone output in men and women, impotence, male sterility, female infertility, irritable bladder symptoms and trigonitis, general debility and cachexia. Traditionally used for upper and lower respiratory problems, atrophy of the breast, ovaries and testes as well as B.P.H. It was described as the "old man's friend". It was also used for inflamed gonads in the male or female and as an aphrodisiac. It has also been shown to reduce the conversion to testosterone to DHT via 5-alpha-reductase inhibition (which is very beneficial for acne sufferers); reduce serum SHBG levels (very beneficial for women with P.C.O.S.).

In 2004 an updated meta-analysis of 14 randomsed clinical trials and 3 open-label trials involving 4280 patients found a significant improvement in peak flow rate and a reduction in nocturia above placebo, together with a 5-point reduction in the Internaltional Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS). A comparison with the alpha-blocker tamsulosin in the treatment of severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with BPH found that saw palmetto was slightly superior to the drug. The study involved 124 patients with severe LUTS who were followed for 12 months and were randomly assigned to receive either 320mg/day of Saw Palmetto. After 12 months the total IPSS score decreased by 7.8 with saw palmetto treatment and 5.8 with tamsulosin. The irritative symptoms improved significantly more with saw palmetto (-2.9 versus -1.9 with tamsulosin).





Schizandra


Native to China, Russia and Korea. It's name comes from the fact that it's berries possess all 5 basic flavours salty, sweet, sour, spicy and bitter. Schizandra helps to cleanse our liver, improving digestion and supporting kidneys. Increasing our energy by helping to improve our oxygen levels so exercise is less of a chore. Lessening the mental stress that comes with restriction and change of diet.

Following are some of the many health conditions Schizandra chinesis has been reported to have benefit:

Blood sugar normalising, cardiovascular conditions, coughs, decreased vision, diarrhoea, insomnia, kidney infections, liver conditions, lung infections, menopausal night sweats, palpitations, spontaneous sweating, stress, surgery recovery, weakened immunity & weakened physical state.





Sea Buckthorn


Sea Buckthorn also know as Sand Thorn, Swallow Thorn, Siberian Pineapple, the Food of Pegasus. Shown to have anti-aging, nourishing, revitalising and restorative actions to the skin. Helping heal skin injuries, burns, sores, wounds, eczema, ulcers and lesions. As well as lessening wrinkles, preventing premature aging skin, improving dry skin, healing bad wounds, lessening damaging effects of the sun, lessening damage from radiation treatment and cosmetic laser surgery, it helps normalise sebaceous secretions, softens skin tissue, strengthens and repairs all layers, moderates inflammation and has a mild analgesic action making it beneficial for burns and itching.

It's rich in Vitamin A, C, E, B1, B2, K, Essential Fatty Acids, Bioflavonoids, Carotenes, Zinc, Selenium, Manganese, Iron and more (up to 27 trace elements). Records show the Ancient Greeks 212BC used the fruit and oil on race horses, hence it's name hippophae meaning 'shiny horse'. Its use is also recorded in Tibetian Medical texts (Tang Dynasty 618 -907 AD).

Its actions have shown it to be beneficial for the following:
Burns, eczema, psoriasis, sunburn, wounds, frostbite, radiation treatment cosmetic laser surgery, minimise wrinkles, aging skin, acne, rosacea and many more.





Sea Salt


Certified Organic NZ Sea Salt
Naturally high in nutrients that are beneficial for the skin and body. The less refined the salt the higher the nutrient content. Our sea salt is harvested at the top of the South Island, the waters of the Southern Ocean flow into the salt fields and are evaporated by the natural process of sun and wind, thereby retaining its natural beige colour plus all the natural minerals present.





Seaweed (North Atlantic)


Seaweed products have long been used by humans for food and healing. Scientists report that Seaweeds are rich in vitamins A1, B1, B2, B6, B12, C, E, K, pantothenic acid, folic acid, and niacin. They are an important supply of 60 trace elements and an excellent source of over 12 minerals, especially sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, zinc and manganese. In fact, Seaweeds contain much larger concentrations of what is present in seawater, and in a form, which can easily be assimilated. The potassium-sodium content of sea vegetables is usually quite close to that occurring naturally in the human body. Many marine algae are a source of vitamin B12, which is rarely found in land vegetables. Rich in antioxidants with lots of skin healing and rejuvenating properties. Seaweed helps to draw out toxins releasing through our skin pores, it's natural anti-inflammatory compounds having a positive effect on all skin conditions i.e. acne, eczema, psoriasis, rosacea, cellulite and more. The exfoliating action helps to remove dead skin cells (which can block pores) helping to make the skin more supple, smooth and radiant.



Shea Butter


Shea tree is found in the tropics of Africa & the nut from the tree is used to make Shea Butter. The tree begins to bear fruit only after 15 years & can take up to 30 years to bear a decent crop of nuts, but will live up to 300 years. The nuts are picked, cracked, grilled & then pounded. They're then boiled for hours in water to extract the shea butter, which is scooped out & left to cool. It contains vitamin A, C, E, & D. Easily penetrates the skin with no greasy residue allowing the skin to breath. It has a high level of cinnamic acid, a natural sunscreen & has anti-inflammatory actions making it beneficial to all skin irritations/rashes (including allergies to the sun) as well as aching muscles & joints.

Shown to benefit as a daily moisturiser, dry skin, dry scalp, diaper rash, sunburn, blemishes & wrinkles, itchy skin, shaving rash, wounds & skin cracks, tough skin, stretch mark, minor burns, eczema, sun & wind protection, even skin tone, reduce scarring, reducing acne, restore elasticity to the skin, acne psoriasis, help bruises
to heal.





Sheep Sorrel


Sheep Sorrel, also known as Sour grass, Field sorrel, Sour dock & Red top sorrel. A common weed throughout the U.S.A. A rich source of oxalic acid, sodium, potassium, iron, manganese, potassium, bioflavonoids and vitamin C. Historically used for prevention of contagious disease i.e. plague, cholera, and malaria. To treat mouth and throat ulcers, intestinal worms, as well as help with tissue regeneration. Used in many dishes i.e. soups, stews, salads, used to curdle milk for making cheese. Listed in the 1868 Canadian Pharmacy Journal as a medicinal plant and used as part of cancer treatment.

Now used to help with diarrhea, constipation, kidney problems, liver damage, nerve repair (due to the high silica levels), great for the hair, skin and nails, as well as the cardiovascular system. Sheep sorrel has been shown to stimulate cellular regeneration, as well as detoxify and cleanse the body. Chlorophyll within sheep sorrel helps increase our oxygen levels throughout the bloodstream. This is significant because cancer cells cannot live in the presence of oxygen. Chlorophyll helps our bodies cope with chemotherapy and radiation treatments, reducing damage of burns and increase resistance to x-rays.





Siberian Ginseng


Siberian ginseng was rediscovered by the Russians in 1855, it had been used by the Chinese for over 2000 centuries know as wu-jia-pi. Shown to restore vigor, increase longevity, stimulate a healthy appetite, improve memory, help adapt to stressful situations/conditions, as well as enhance overall productivity/health. Russian athletes use for training, giving them quicker reflexes & better stamina.

As well as help increase strength, improve immunity, reduce herpes virus's frequency, severity, & duration of outbreaks. Male infertility, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue have all been shown to improve with consumption of Siberian ginseng.

Siberian ginseng has been shown to help with a large number of health conditions including the following: HIV/AID's, adrenal fatigue, detoxification of harmful chemicals i.e. chemotherapy & radiation therapy alleviating the side effects of their use, depression, respiratory infections, joint inflammation, high cholesterol, helps restore memory, improve concentration and has been shown to directly balance serotonin, dopamine, adrenaline & noradrenaline.





Slippery Elm


Slippery Elm is indigenous to America & Canada, also known as Moose Elm, INdian Elm and Red Elm. Its bark has demulcent (soothing to internal tissues) actions, is very nutritious, antitussive (reduces coughing) and emollient (softens, soothes and protects the skin). During periods of war and strife Slippery Elm was used topically as an antiseptic cream to treat wounds from gunshots, as well as used as survival food for all ages. Its actions make it suitable for inflammation and ulceration of the gastrointestinal tract, irritable bowel syndrome, diarrhea, gastritis, colitis, hemorrhoids, as well as for coughs, sore throats, laryngitis, pleurisy & bronchitis. Its bulking action gently soothes our digestive tract, giving a feeling of fullness helping to improve bowel regularity as well as a good for gut probiotics helping to increase the levels of good gut bacteria, thereby improving immunity. Slippery elm helps to retain glucose in the gut and reduce insulin levels after eating and possibly help with lowering LDL cholesterol. It's rich in vitamin E, minerals iron, sodium, calcium, selenium, iodine, copper, zinc, potassium and phosphorus. Topically it has a drawing and healing effect, its used as a poultice for boils, burns, abscesses, wounds, gout, toothache, dental caries and rheumatism.





Spearmint


Spearmint is a milder, gentler herb than peppermint. It is calming, relaxing & uplifting rather than stimulating. Used to dispel the "evil eye". Used in Western & Eastern medicine for over 3000 years.

Spearmint has been shown to help with the following health conditions: Mental fatigue, depression, asthma, bronchitis, catarrhal conditions, sinusitis, colic, flatulence, nausea, vomiting, colds, fatigue, migraine, nervous conditions, stress, headaches, oily skin, bacterial & fungal infections, STD's, respiratory infections, skin infections, and as a general antiseptic.





St John's Wort


St John's Wort (flower/aerial) is considered primarily for the nervous system, and particularly indicated for nervous afflictions (including anxiety and depression), disorders of the spine including neuralgia, sciatica and wounds where nerves are involved. The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia 1983 lists St John's Wort with a specific indication of menopausal neurosis. It was also used to treat urinary and gastrointestinal problems. St John's Wort also has a history of use in topical application. Studies have found it to be particularly effective in treating the core symptoms of mild to moderate depression (such as depressed mood, guilt, suicide, gastrointestinal symptoms) with additional beneficial effects on accompanying depression-related anxiety. In the 1990's St John's Wort was shown to have activity against enveloped viruses i.e. HIV and herpes. This activity was enhanced by exposure to light. A Canadian trial in 2009 showed after 12 weeks of treatment with St John's Wort that there was a decrease of hot flushes of 30 - 50%.

It's been shown to be beneficial for: Seasonal affective disorder, fatigue, insomnia, enhanced mood in athletes, generalised anxiety disorder, menopausal symptoms, premenstrual tension, orofacial herpes, genital herpes, polyneuropathy, depression, nervous tension, stress, neuralgia, chicken pox, shingles, glandular fever, cytomegalovirus and Epstein Barr virus.

***St John's Wort is contraindicated in those taking indinavir (HIV protease inhibitor), cyclosporin (immunosuppressive agent) and warfarin. Caution is advised for patients taking other HIV protease inhibitors, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, theophylline, digoxin, anticonvulsants, oral contraceptives, seletive serotonin-reuptake inhibitors and triptans (migraine medication).





Sweet Almond Oil


Sweet Almond Oil, a native of the Mediterranean climate and grown throughout the Middle East and South Asia. A small deciduous tree in the Rosaceae family, the almond fruit is not a nut but a drupe, related to the plum, cherry and peach. Rich in vitamin E, B vitamin complex and essential fatty acids. Highly revered in India; designated as the state tree of Kashmir, as well as mentioned numerous times in the Bible - "mentioned as a symbol of watchfulness and promise due to its early flowering". Almond oil is one of the most commonly used carrier oils in massage therapy. It's fine texture is easily absorbed leaving the skin soft and smooth yet non-greasy, so great for nourishing the skin.

Its oil is obtained from the dried kernel of the almond tree, extracted by the cold pressing of the drupes. Its oil is very soothing to the skin, helping to balance any loss of moisture. Rich in Essential Fatty Acids making it great for all skin types, relieving irritation, inflammation and itching, helping to promote a clearer younger looking skin, as well as help bring relief to sore joints, muscles and any troubling skin conditions.





Turmeric


Turmeric, considered by the Hindus as a symbol of prosperity. Used now more in cooking and cloth dying . Topically it has been found to help with many conditions, its anti-inflammatory action helping with ulcers, wounds, eczema, scabies, herpes, urticaria (hives), fungal infections, burns, skin cancer, cuts, as well as showing to restore skin colour.





Thyme


Thyme, commonly found in our pantry or garden, a good source of iron used commonly in cooking in Mediterranean cuisine. It has been used for many centuries, the Ancient Egyptians used for embalming; used in funerals as believed to assure passage into the next life; it's believed to be a source of courage, spread through Europe via the Romans; Scottish highlanders were known to drink thyme tea to get more power and courage & to prevent nightmares; in the Middle Ages placed under pillows to aid sleep and ward off nightmares; used to purify rooms & give aromatic flavour to cheeses and liquers.

Before antibiotics were in widespread use bandages used to be medicated with thyme; in Egypt it was used as a preservative, to protect paper against moulds & twigs of thyme were kept by nobility to protect themselves against ilnesses & stench. In 1725 a German apothecary discovered thyme contained thymol a powerful disinfectant & expectorant; used in a mix with clove, lemon & chamomile essential oils as a disinfectant and antiseptic in hospitals until the beginning of the 20th Century.

Rich in vitamins B-complex, C & D as well as iodine, small amounts of sodium, silicon and sulphur. It has antibacterial, antifungal, expectorant, antitussive (relieves coughing), carminative, antispasmodic, astringent, anthelmintic (parasite cleansing) actions, making it beneficial for the following health conditions:

Acute & chronic gastritis, aspergillosis, asthma, bronchial catarrh, bronchitis, colic, coughs, cystitis, diarrhoea, dry coughs, dyspepsia, emphysema, enuresis in children, enteritis, fungal infections, infected skin conditions, laryngitis, nervous coughs, pertussis, pleurisy, thrush (candida), tonsillitis & worms.






Turkey Rrhubarb


Turkey rhubarb, originally from Mongolia, later introduced to India and Turkey where the name stuck. Used as far back as the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. - 23 A.D.) Introduced to Europe in 1762 to Edinburgh, Scotland. Used in the digestive system to help with constipation, hemorrhoids, diarrhea, as a cleanser - helping with removal of accumulated toxins, relieving kidney pain, as well as treating for pinworms, threadworms and ringworm. Turkey rhubarb has antimicrobial, antibacterial, antibiotic and antiviral actions. It's also possible that it can help with reducing LDL cholesterol, angina symptoms, as well as restoring the arterial lining and improving arterial circulation. Externally it's been used for skin eruptions i.e. boils, carbuncles, and promote healing topically for cold sores, wounds and burns.





Valerian


Native to Europe & Northern Asia, Valerian, latin valere - meaning to be healthy or strong. Definitely strong in smell, known as 'phu' tea as long ago as 460BC. Prior to being named Valerian it was known as 'nard' Others believe it's named after 'Valerius' Roman Emperor who reigned 253-259 AD. A recipe in the 1500's contained Valerian, it was called Amantilla. It was said "men who begin to fight and when you wish to stop them, give them the juice of Amantilla and peace will be made immediately".

The Piute Indians used valerian as a flour substitute; German women as a coffee substitute; the British as a soup base. In WWI & II it was used in Europe to relieve stress during air raids. Native Americans used chewed Valerian in the ears to provide relief from earache.

It has been shown to be beneficial with the following conditions:
Acne, A.D.H.D., alleviate throat tickling, anxieties, digestive flatulence, cramps, depression, despondency, drug addiction, epilepsy, headaches, heart palpitations, hypertension, injuries, insomnia, irritable bowel, menstrual (period) pain, mental tension, migraines, muscle cramps, muscle spasms, nerve related heart conditions, nerves, nervous coughs, nervous digestive disorders, peptic ulcers, reduces mucous from colds, relieving pain, restlessness in children, restless leg syndrome, skin rashes stress, topical sores, ulcers, urinary tract disorders, & wounds.




Vanilla


Vanilla is one of the oldest & most expensive spices. Believed to act as an aphrodisiac, antioxidant, antidepressant, sedative, anti-aging, fever reducing & anti-inflammatory. Used medicinally for congestion, stomach aches, coughing, fever, reduce anxieties and regulate menstruation. Researchers have found vanillin a component within vanilla helps to inhibit the development and growth of diseased cells in breast tissue & even to help with Alzheimer's & Parkinson's disease. Vanilla is great for dry skin, chapping and windburn skin. Shown to increase serotonin levels, making us feel good, while improving sleep & even pain of aching joints & muscles.

The first to cultivate were the Totonac people, who inhabited the Mazantla Valley on the Gulf Coast of Mexico in the present day state of Veracruz. According to Totonac mythology, the tropical vanilla orchid was born when Princess Xanat, forbidden by her father from marrying a mortal, fled to the forest with her lover. The lovers were captured and beheaded. Where their blood touched the ground, the vine of the tropical orchid grew.





Verbena or Vervain


Verbena or vervain in native to Europe, North Africa and West Asia. It's widely naturalised throughout Australia and New Zealand along roadsides, river banks and in open pastures. Also known as Dragons Claw Tears of Isis Altar Plant, Herb of Grace, Iron Hardener, Medical Ironwort, Iron Grass and Herbal Veneris (Herb of Venus). Believed to protect people from vampires, witches and negativity. As well as being used to staunch the wounds of Jesus on the Mount of Calvary. Carried for luck and for making crops abundant. Vervains name comes from the Celtic 'ferfaen', fer - to drive away & faen - a stone. Hence its ability to help with removal of kidney and gall bladder stones.


It has been shown to be beneficial with the following conditions as well as actions:
Asthma, bad breath (halitosis), biliary colic (cholecystalgia), colds, constipation, convalescence, dental caries, depression, fevers, flu, gallstones (cholelithiasis), generalised seizures, gingivitis, headaches, high blood pressure, hysteria, insomnia, jaundice, malaria, melancholia, migraine, nervous coughs,nervous exhaustion, kidney stones(renal calculus), painful and irregular menstruation with migraine, promotes lactation, promotes menstruation (emmenagogue) & sore throats.





Vetiver


Vetiver a tall tufted perennial scented grass, with an earthy, woody rich scent. Indigenous to Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India. It's fibres traditionally woven into aromatic mats used to sleep on and repel insects. Believed to help with many health issues, being nourishing, strengthening and grounding, great for the perfectionist and those not able to let things be. It's antibacterial action has shown to stop Staphylococcus aureus. It's also known for speeding up the eradication or disappearance of scars and other marks from the skin. Promotes the growth of new tissues and helps achieve a uniform look, so great for burns, stretchmarks, surgery scars and more. Vetiver has been shown to be helpful with the following health issues:

PMT, menopause, poor circulation, weakened immune system, rapid heartbeat, erratic breathing, anxiety, depression, fever, heatstroke, headaches, acne, eczema, joint inflammation, dry skin, irritated skin, insomnia, wound healing, muscle aches, sprains, stiffness, stress, mental and physical exhaustion, hysteria, insect repellant, epilepsy, restlessness, gout, arthritis, shock & fear - commonly known as 'the oil of tranquility'.





White Oak


White Oak, dried inner bark is used. Native to Europe, North Africa & Western Asia, now grows wild in New Zealand & Australia. The Oak Tree is a symbol of strength reaching over 100 feet in height. The Oak Tree was dedicated to Thor the Norse God of Thunder giving rise to the belief that they could never be struck by lightening. Believed a sign of protection, acorn shaped wooden pulls were attached to the pulls on venetian blinds to guard those within the homes. Quercus taken from the Celtic Quer meaning "fine" & ceus meaning "tree", alba latin for "white". Native American Indians use the bark for digestive issues i.e. diarrhoea, haemorrhoids (piles), and wound healing. Its high tanning content made it perfect for to use for leather tanning. White Oak is rich in nutrients: Beta carotene, pectins, quercetin, sulphur, calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorous, potassium, selenium, zinc, B vitamins & vitamin C. The tannins within give it its actions of astringency, haemostatic, anti-septic, it also is anti-carcinogenic, diuretic, anti-viral, anti-bacterial, and anthelmintic in action. Health conditions it can help with are haemorrhoids, nose bleeds, internal bleeding (haemorrhaging), parasite infection, pharyngitis, boils, sores, diarrhoea, jaundice, kidney stones, poor urine flow & gallstones. Externally it has been shown to form a protective eschar (dry scab) over tissue and has anti-microbial activity helping to heal weeping eczema, burns, tonsillitis, leucorrhoea, bedsores, gingivitis & as a mouth wash for mouth sores.





White Willow


White Willow, originally from Europe, wildly grown in New Zealand, one of it's active constituent salicin famously manufactured in 1897 by Felix Hoffman who created a synthetic form of this 1 constituent creating what we now know as Aspirin. HIstorically white willow was used to staunch bleeding, prevent vomiting, colic, urinary retention, worms, diarrhea, redness/dimness of sight, dandruff and more. In 500BC Chinese healers used for pain. Native Americans used for headaches, rheumatic conditions and fevers. The Ancient Egyptians and even Hippocrates the father of all medicine used, even writing about it's use in the 5th Century B.C. It has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antirheumatic, antipyretic, actions and is used to help with pain, i.e. post-surgical, muscle pain, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, headaches, neuralgia, fibromyalgia, fever. A study at Cairo University compared White Willow to Aspirin and found White Willow was as effective at reducing inflammation as Aspirin is.





Wintergreen


Wintergreen originates from India and is commonly grown in North America. Other names are Teaberry, Checkerberry and Mountain Tea. Wintergreen was chewed by the Native Americans in order to increase lung capacity and assist in healing respiratory conditions, tooth decay, pain and inflammation along with headaches and general aches and pain. The British Pharmacopoeia say Wintergreen is specific for helping with Rheumatoid Arthritis especially when used topically as a pain relieving massage oil. It's many actions including being an analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, anti-tussive, astringent, carminative, diuretic, emmenagogue, galactagogue, anti-spasmodic and antiseptic. Wintergreen oil has been used to help with many health conditions including the following: Cramps, convulsions, digestive complaints, poor circulation, poor lymphatic circulation, snake bites, insect bites, sores and wounds, chronic mucous, joint and muscular pain, lumbago, sciatica, neuralgia, gout, fibromyalgia, sinusitis, skin problems including acne, scabies and eczema.





Wormwood


Wormwood named after the Greek Goddess Artemis, the goddess of the hunt. Known more commonly for it's use in the making of Absinthe. In Mexico it was worn on the heads of women in celebrations honoring the Goddess of Salt. It was considered the apocalyptic tool of God to punish a sinful mankind - "... it grew up in the trail from the serpents tail, as it slithered out of the Garden of Eden...". Egyptian papyrus dating from 1600B.C. described Wormwood as a medicine to rid the body of worms, and it is used for this purpose to this day.

It has been shown to be beneficial with the following conditions as well as actions:
Amenorrhoea, anthelmintic, anorexia, antiviral, appetite loss, arthritis, catarrh, colic, crohn's disease, delayed menstruation, disordered bile flow, disturbed digestion, dysmenorrhoea, dyspepsia, flatulence, gastritis, herpes virus, increases the flow of gastric enzymes/pancreatic enzymes and bile, indigestion, insect/flea/moth repellant, killing of intestinal protozoa/parasites/worms, nausea, pain relief with childbirth & many skin conditions.





Xanthan Gum


Xanthan Gum is produced by the fermentation of glucose, sucrose or lactose by the Xanthomonas campestris bacterium. After the fermentation period it's dried and ground into a fine powder. It's added to liquid mediums to form a gum which is thickening in nature. It helps to prevent oil separation by stabilizing the emulsion, creating a pleasant texture. Xanthan gum is found in salad dressings, sauces, spices, frozen foods, beverages, ice cream, toothpaste and gluten free baking.





Yogurt


The word 'Yogurt' is derived from the Turkish language. People have been making & using yogurt for at least 5400 years. In Bulgaria & Serbia it's called 'kiselo mlyako' meaning sour milk. Until the 1900's it was a staple in the Russian Empire, Balkans, Central Europe & India. Introduced to the majority of the world in the 20th Century. Formed by the fermentation of milk (any sort). Bacteria within cause the sugar in the milk to ferment producing lactic acid which then reacts with the protein in the milk to form yogurt.

Beneficial for ALL skin types. Topically it has been used in Greece for hundreds of years. Externally the lactic acid & enzymes in yogurt help to hydrate and soothe skin, leaving soft and smooth while evening skin tone.





Go here for ingredients listed by their Latin name.